04 May, 2020
10 Min Read
The new normal
By, Purushottam Basava, I.A.S., is PS (Chief of Staff) to Union Minister HRD. email@example.com
Smarthveer Sidana is an IIT Delhi alumnus & Harvard HCONF Scholar. firstname.lastname@example.org
With the pandemic set to transform higher education as we know it, there are huge challenges before us, as well as room for innovation
Given the rapidly evolving situation around the pandemic, has this forced shift from offline to online mode of teaching-learning given us a peek into the reality ahead? How will COVID-19 transform the future of teaching-learning?
Technology-enabled teaching is definitely the future we are looking towards, but will it be easy to make this transition? How should different stakeholders contribute to ensure a smooth transition?
It is important to identify key challenges for students and teachers in the current scenario. Once identified, academic leadership and the government can address these through innovations in focus areas.
The list is:
Since neither students nor teachers were prepared for this sudden lockdown, it has become difficult for them to continue as per the original plan.
Emphasis should be given to develop a robust plan in order to complete semesters and ensure degree completion of final-year students.
The academic plan needs to be modified in order to suit the current situation, changing both teaching and assessment methods.
Building technology infrastructure to deliver content, strengthening the existing Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) content platforms like Swayam, along with promoting innovative personalised teaching-learning platforms, teacher training and student awareness will be key.
As a short-term solution, allowing course completion via Swayam as a substitute for course requirements within universities can address this crisis.
Hence, a blend of traditional and online methods of teaching-learning could emerge as the more feasible and scalable model.
2. Jobs and internship opportunities
Some companies are rescinding job/internship offers after being negatively impacted by COVID-19.
Junior students are finding it harder to find internships, especially foreign research opportunities, which play a key role in interdisciplinary research and exposure to global research facilities.
New project opportunities by universities and within government institutions should be floated and due recognition given.
In the long run, leadership within universities and government institutions should push policies to motivate and support an entrepreneurial ecosystem within colleges by setting up more innovation and incubation centres, grants/fellowships to pursue start-up ideas and flexible policies for deferred placement for start-up enthusiasts.
3. Psychological disturbance
It is normal for faculty and students to undergo stress because of the uncertainty they are facing. Not being able to carry on with a set routine will further add to their anxiety and affect their mental health.
A proper psychological support system needs to be established through courses/curriculum and training. Focus should be on maintaining mental well-being in these difficult times.
4.Innovation through research(COVID-19-related research)
Even though many students and faculty are coming together to find a solution to COVID-19, the lack of financial support in the form of a dedicated COVID-19 research grant might hold them back.
Faculty and students should be encouraged to undertake research, and proper funding for it should be ensured by the university, industry and government Institutions.
(In the long run for non-COVID-related research)
Companies might show a lack of interest and funds to sponsor non-COVID-19 research due to a falling economy, and give more preference to COVID-19 research. This can lead to tech research being compromised in the long run.
A policy needs to be in place to ensure proper financial support for all kinds of research, whether COVID-19 related or not. The proposed National Research Foundation will address the challenges mentioned above, and it is imperative that it is set up at the earliest.
5. Spending on tech infrastructure:
Universities will suddenly need to invest huge amounts to establish a tech-enabled teaching-learning network. This will be a problem with most private universities who are already asset heavy and hence may hesitate to spend more money during times of recession.
Private universities should come up with innovative solutions and use open-source platforms for digital transformation and to build their tech infrastructure.
6.Reduced paying capacity of parents
This will be a time of global recession, with many people experiencing financial difficulties. The gap between private and public mode of education will further increase because of the sudden requirement of a digital facility — creating even more problems for students from middle and lower classes.
New avenues for scholarships and loans should be opened, enabling students to complete their higher education, get placed, and repay the loan
In short, to move forward post the pandemic phase, it is important to:
We must remember that this is only a phase and this too shall pass. However, we must make sure that it does not create a long-term impact, which is difficult to mend. It will take a huge amount of public and private sector investment, in terms of time and money, to tackle this impending educational crisis.
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