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  • 02 September, 2022

  • 5 Min Read

Tibetan Democracy Day

Tibetan Democracy Day

Image Source - Tibetan parliament

The Tibetan people who live in exile in India celebrate the anniversary of the creation of their democratic regime on September 2.

About Tibetan Democracy Day

  • It is commonly referred to as Mangsto Duchen (Mangsto: democracy; Duchen: occasion) inside the neighbourhood.
  • It heralds the establishment of the democratic system in exile in Tibet.
  • The Central Tibetan Administration (CTA), the Tibetan government-in-exile in Dharamshala, is at the centre of the democratic system of Tibet, which oversees more than 15,000 refugees worldwide.
  • However, no nation has formally acknowledged the CTA.

Major Milestones on the road to the development of the Tibetan democratic system

  • The first elected members of the Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile took their oaths in Bodh Gaya on September 2, 1960, one year after thousands of Tibetans were compelled to escape their homeland. This marked the beginning of the Tibetan democratic system.
  • The Tibetan constitution was adopted by the Dalai Lama in 1963, and it was founded on democratic principles and universal values. Subsequently, the first female legislators were elected.
  • The CTA's highest authority, Kashag, named September 2 to be the day Tibetan democracy was established in 1975.
  • The Tibetan Supreme Justice Commission was founded the following year, educating the exile population to the three pillars of democracy, and the Charter of the Tibetans in Exile was enacted in 1991.
  • The announcement by the Dalai Lama that he would take on a position of semi-retirement signified a significant change in the political and cultural landscape of the Tibetan people.

The CTA's official position in India

  • India regards the Dalai Lama as a venerated spiritual leader and a distinguished visitor, but it does not support Tibetans' involvement in politics.
  • India adheres to the "One China" policy and does not see the need to frequently restate it.

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