02 Jul, 2022
21 Min Read
|GS-II||SELF HELP GROUP||Governance|
|GS-III||FOREST CONSERVATION RULE 2022||Biodiversity & Environment|
|PT Pointer||JAGANNATH RATH YATRA||Art and Culture|
SELF HELP GROUP
The government is working on increasing the annual income of each woman in the Self Help Group to Rs one lakh by 2024.
Objective of SHGs
Why there is a need for SHGs?
Significance of the SHGs
People’s participation through SHGs ensures social justice and it also gives voice to the marginalized section of society.
It eradicates the dependency on agriculture by providing support in setting up micro-enterprise like grocery or pickle or papad-making enterprises.
It empowers the women and inculcates leadership skills among them which also help them to participate more actively in gram sabha and other political processes.
SHGs play an active role in women’s life by rising their living conditions and enhancing their self-esteem.
SHGs encourage collective efforts for combating practices like dowry, and alcoholism.
At the time of the pandemic, many women SHG came forward to meet the shortfall in masks, sanitizers, protective equipment, running community kitchens, running help desks, delivering essential food supplies and medicines to elderly, and quarantined and even providing financial and banking solutions to far-flung communities.
Issues of SHGs
Role of SHGs in women’s empowerment
Women are working in multiple sectors as business correspondents, Kisan Sakhi, and pashu sakhis. For Instance, SHGs like Kudumshree in Kerala, Mahila Arthik Vikas Mandal in Maharashtra, Jeevika SHG in Bihar supported by World Bank, and Sorath Mahila Vikas Mandali in Gir, Gujarat, not only help in income generation and empowerment of women but also fight against social taboos and stigmas to ensure social equity and justice.
In the era of LPG where women are more aware of their right to social security and their status in society, SHGs are a mechanism that can empower women to live independently with a dignified life.
Source: The Hindu
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has issued the Forest (Conservation) Rules, 2022.
It is conferred by Section 4 of the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, and in supersession of the Forest (Conservation) Rules, 2003.
Provision of forest (conservation) rule 2022
Formation of Committees:
It set up an Advisory Committee, a regional empowered committee at each of the integrated regional offices, and a project screening committee at the State/Union Territory (UT) government level.
The function of the Advisory Committee is restricted to advise or recommending with regards to grants of approval under relevant sections in respect of proposals referred to it and any matter related to the conservation of forests referred to it by the Central government.
The environment ministry has directed the constitution of a project screening committee in each State/UT for an initial review of proposals involving the diversion of the forest land.
The five-member committee has to meet at least twice every month and will advise the state governments on projects in a time-bound manner.
All non-mining projects between 5-40 hectares must be reviewed within 60 days and all such mining projects must be reviewed within the time limit of 75 days.
All linear projects such as roads, highways, etc involving forest land up to 40 hectares and those that have projected use of forest land having a canopy density up to 0.7 — irrespective of their extent for a survey — shall be scrutinized in the Integrated Regional Office.
The applicants for diverting forest land in a hilly or mountainous state with green cover covering more than two-thirds of its geographical area, or in a state and UT with forest cover covering more than one-third of its geographical area, will be able to take up compensatory afforestation in other states and UTs where the cover is less than 20%.
India forest policy 1952
Forest conservation act 1980
National Forest Policy 1988
National Afforestation Programme
Forest in India
Forest Cover state-wise: Madhya Pradesh> Arunachal Pradesh> Chhattisgarh> Odisha> Maharashtra
Source: The Hindu
There has been an acute shortage of the essential drug named Clofazimine in the private market which is used for the treatment of leprosy.
Prevalence of diseases
Government step to tackle leprosy
National Leprosy Eradication Programme :
In the year 2017, SPARSH Leprosy Awareness Campaign was launched to promote awareness and address the issues of stigma and discrimination.
Source: The Hindu
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