21 Jul, 2021
86 Min Read
|GS-II||Ministry of Cooperation: Critical Analysis||Governance|
|GS-III||Government efforts for Sustainable Agriculture||Economic Issues|
|Progress in doubling Farmer’s income||Economic Issues|
|Organic Farming||Economic Issues|
|e-Technology in Agriculture||Economic Issues|
|One District One Focus Product Scheme||Economic Issues|
|Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs)||Economic Issues|
Ministry of Cooperation: Critical Analysis
Cooperatives – Inserted in Part 9-B by 97th Constitutional Amendment, 2011
1. Art 19: It made Right to form cooperative societies a FR.
2. It included a new DPSP on promotion of cooperative societies (Art 43 B)
3. It added a new Part 9 B (Art 243 ZH to Art 243 ZT)
SC annuls parts of co-op amendment
The Government has adopted several developmental programmes, schemes, reforms and policies that focus on higher incomes for the farmers and to promote Sustainable Agriculture and Farmers Prosperity.
We advice you to watch this free and comprehensive lecture by Ankit Sir on Agriculture (Mindmap and explanation) and then come back to this document, your retention quality will increase exponentially.
1) PM KISAN
2) Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana (PM-KMY)
3) Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
4) Giving a major boost for the farmer’s income, the Government has approved the increase in the Minimum Support Price (MSPs) for all Kharif & Rabi crops for 2018-19 season at a level of at least 150 percent of the cost of production.
5) Implementation of flagship scheme of distribution of Soil Health Cards to farmers so that the use of fertilizers can be rationalized.
6) “Per drop more crop” initiative under which drip/sprinkler irrigation is being encouraged for optimal utilization of water, reducing cost of inputs and increasing productivity.
7) “Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)” for promoting organic farming.
8) Launch of e-NAM initiative to provide farmers an electronic transparent and competitive online trading platform.
9) Under “HarMedh Par Ped”, agro forestry is being promoted for additional income. With the amendment of Indian Forest Act, 1927, Bamboo has been removed from the definition of trees. A restructured National Bamboo Mission has been launched in the year 2018 to promote bamboo plantation on non forest government as well as private land and emphasis on value addition, product development and markets.
10) Giving a major boost to the pro-farmer initiatives, the Government has approved a new Umbrella Scheme ‘Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (PMAASHA)’. The Scheme is aimed at ensuring remunerative prices to the farmers for their produce as announced in the Union Budget for 2018. This is an unprecedented step taken by Govt. of India to protect the farmers’ income which is expected to go a long way towards the welfare of farmers.
11) Bee keeping has been promoted under Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) to increase the productivity of crops through pollination and increase the honey production as an additional source of income of farmers.
12) To ensure flow of adequate credit, Government sets annual target for the flow of credit to the agriculture sector, Banks have been consistently surpassing the annual target. The agriculture credit flow target has been set at Rs. 13.50 lakh crore for the F.Y.2019-20, Rs.15.00 lakh crore for F.Y. 2020-21 and Rs 16.50 lakh crore for FY 2021-22.
13) Extending the reach of institutional credit to more and more farmers is priority area of the Government and to achieve this goal, the Government provides interest subvention of 2% on short-term crop loans up to Rs.3.00 lakh. Presently, loan is available to farmers at an interest rate of 4% per annum on prompt repayment.
14) Further, under Interest Subvention Scheme 2018-19, in order to provide relief to the farmers on occurrence of natural calamities, the interest subvention of 2% shall continue to be available to banks for the first year on the restructured amount. In order to discourage distress sale by farmers and to encourage them to store their produce in warehouses against negotiable receipts, the benefit of interest subvention will be available to small and marginal farmers having Kisan Credit Card for a further period of upto six months post harvest on the same rate as available to crop loan.
15) The Government has extended the facility of Kisan Credit Card (KCC) to the farmers practicing animal husbandry and fisheries related activities. All processing fee, inspection, ledger folio charges and all other services charges have been waived off for fresh renewal of KCC. Collateral fee loan limit for short term agri-credit has been raised from Rs.1.00 lakh to Rs.1.60 lakh. KCC will be issued within 14 days from the receipt of completed application.
16) Several market reforms have been rolled out . These include
Above 3 Farm Acts can be accessed here: Click here
All the above schemes can be read in the following pdf: click here
For schemes and critical analysis on Agriculture reforms: click here
17) Creation of Corpus Funds
The strategy adopted by the Government for increasing income is
What are the steps taken?
e-Technology in Agriculture
One District One Focus Product Scheme
The following steps have been taken by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research to make Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) more effective in the interest of farmers:
ICAR (Indian Council of Agri Research)
How do boost indigenous capacities in Defense production? The Government has taken several policy initiatives and brought in reforms to promote indigenisation and self-reliance in defence manufacturing, under AatmaNirbhar Bharat Mission in the defence sector. Important policy initiatives are as u
Bad Bank launched for stressed assets as a measure to clean up bank books What is a ‘bad bank’? A bad bank is a financial entity set up to buy non-performing assets (NPAs), or bad loans, from banks. The aim of setting up a bad bank is to help ease the burden on banks by takin
Solution for Water crisis in India Steps taken by the Central Government to control water depletion and promote rain water harvesting / conservation are as under: 1) Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) JSA was launched in 2019, a time bound campaign with a mission mode approach intended to imp
Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) Phase II Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) is a State sector scheme formulated to bridge the funding gap and provide urgent finance to States for the repair and maintenance of Dams. The scheme closed on 31st March 2021.
Every scheme for Employment generation in India The government of India has taken a number of initiatives for promoting employment generation in the country during the corona pandemic. 1) Financial package Financial package of more than rupees twenty seven lakh crore under “
Initiatives for the MSME sector in India The Ministry of MSME implements various schemes and programmes for the growth and development of the MSME Sector in the country. These schemes and programmes include the Prime Minister’s Employment Generation programme (PMEGP), Scheme of Fund f
The government has encouraged setting up Ethanol plants The entrepreneurs/project proponents are free to set up ethanol plants in any part of the country without seeking any formal approval from the Government of India. However, various statutory clearances from States/ Ministry of En
Shipping sector UPSC Ministry of Shipping was formed in 2009. India has a coastline of 7517 km, spread on the western and eastern shelves of the mainland and also along the Islands. There are 12 major ports and 200 non-major ports. 12 Major Ports (PT Pointers) Kolkata Port
Pegasus spyware It is spyware that works by sending an exploit link, and if the target user clicks on the link, the malware or the code that allows the surveillance is installed on the user’s phone. Pegasus is installed without the user’s knowledge or permission. Once Peg
Climate change has added over 1,000 lakes in Swiss Alps: study Glaciers there lost a full 2% of their volume last year alone Climate change has dramatically altered the Swiss Alp landscape — at a quicker pace than expected — as melting glaciers have created more than 1,000 new la
Schemes for Judiciary Cabinet has approved the continuation of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for Development of Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary for a further five years from 01.04.2021 to 31.03.2026 at a total cost of Rs.9000 crore, out of which Central share will be Rs.5357 cro
Continuation of National AYUSH Mission India possesses an unmatched heritage represented by its traditional systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa, Unani and also Homeopathy (ASU&H) which are a treasure house of knowledge for preventive, promotive and curative healthcare.
Interlinking of Rivers About Interlinking of Rivers The project of inter-linking of rivers was first proposed in the 1970s. The National Perspective Plan (NPP) was prepared by the then Ministry of Irrigation (now Ministry of Jal Shakti) in August 1980 for water resources development throu
Copyright© Aspire IAS Academy. All rights reserved. Powered by CLT Technologies & Edu-Publishers Private Limited.