22 Jul, 2021
39 Min Read
|GS-II||Integrated Multi-purpose infrastructure Development Corporation for Ladakh||Governance|
|GS-III||IBBI amends Insolvency rules to improve transparency||Economic Issues|
|PT Pointer||UNESCO strips Liverpool of its world heritage status||Art and Culture|
|Important GS Topics||Pegasus Issue Explained||Internal security|
Integrated Multi-purpose infrastructure Development Corporation for Ladakh
About Integrated Multi-purpose infrastructure Development Corporation
Click here for bifurcation of J&K into 2 UTs.
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) notified the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) (Second Amendment) Regulations, 2016. It is a part of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Act, of 2016.
The amendment regulations enhance the discipline, transparency, and accountability in corporate insolvency proceedings:
Click here to read about the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Act, 2016
Human rights and press freedom activists are up in arms about a new report on NSO Group, the notorious Israeli hacker-for-hire company.
The report, by a global media consortium, expands public knowledge of the target list used in NSO's military-grade spyware. According to the report, that now not only includes journalists, rights activists and opposition political figures, but also people close to them, the groups have decried the virtual absence of regulation of commercial surveillance tools.
A number of reports on Pegasus Spyware in India indicate that at least 1,000 Indian phone numbers are in a list of potential targets of surveillance using the Pegasus spyware. An Israeli company, the NSO Group, sells the Pegasus spyware to “vetted governments”.
The evidence is strong that Indian citizens were indeed targets of a vicious and uncivil surveillance campaign by a government entity, Indian or foreign.
About the Pegasus Project
How compromising is Pegasus?
What is Malware
Malware is short for malicious software. Malware is a catch-all term for various softwares including viruses, adware, spyware, browser hijacking software, and fake security software.
Ransomware, Spyware, Worms, viruses, and Trojans are all varieties of malware.
Types of Malware
Viruses which are the most commonly-known form of malware and potentially the most destructive. They can do anything from erasing the data on your computer to hijacking your computer to attack other systems. Viruses can also send spam, or host and share illegal content.
Worm is a type of malware that spreads copies of itself from computer to computer. Additionally, it can replicate itself without any human interaction. Also, it does not need to attach itself to a software program in order to cause damage.
Trojan is a type of malware that is often disguised as legitimate software to be used by cyber-thieves and hackers trying to gain access to systems.
Spyware collects your personal information and passes it on to interested third parties without your knowledge or consent. Spywares can also install Trojan viruses.
Ransomware is malware that employs encryption to hold a victim’s information at ransom.
Adware displays pop-up advertisements when you are online.
Fake security software poses as legitimate software to trick you into opening your system to further infection, providing personal information, or paying for unnecessary or even damaging “clean ups”.
Browser hijacking software changes your browser settings (such as your home page and toolbars), displays pop-up ads and creates new desktop shortcuts. Additionally, it can also relay your personal preferences to interested third parties.
Pegasus Spyware Earlier Controversy
Recent Pegasus Spyware Attacks in India
Issues with Government’s surveillance
Legislations on Surveillance
The laws authorising interception and monitoring of communications are:
Who can conduct Surveillance?
A limited number of agencies are provided powers to intercept and monitor.
K.S. Puttaswamy judgment, 2017 regarding Surveillance
Various recommendations in the past regarding Surveillance
Emergence of Gandhi Why Nationalist Upsurge at End of First World War Post-War economic hardship. Expectations of Political Gains for Cooperation in the War Nationalist disillusionment with imperialism worldwide. Impact of Russian Revolution. Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms Dya
Government efforts for Sustainable Agriculture The Government has adopted several developmental programmes, schemes, reforms and policies that focus on higher incomes for the farmers and to promote Sustainable Agriculture and Farmers Prosperity. We advice you to watch this free and comprehens
Progress in doubling Farmer’s income The strategy adopted by the Government for increasing income is Higher volume of output through higher productivity Lower cost of production and Higher real remunerative returns on the farmers’ produce. What are the steps taken?
Organic Farming It means no use of hazardous chemicals. Government rule says atleast 3 years, a farmer must grow only then, Organic farming can be granted. Effect of Inorganic Fertilizers and other agro-chemicals on Soil and Plants It results in nutrient loss and in
e-Technology in Agriculture Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is continuously working to upgrade technology and provide quality seeds to farmers. During this process the advancements made in the agricultural sciences both within India and outside are considered for their replic
One District One Focus Product Scheme Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, and Ministry of Food Processing Industries has finalized the products for One District One Focus Product (ODOFP). Products - Agricultural, horticultural, animal husbandry, poultry, milk, f
Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) 1st KVK in Puducherry. 100% funded by Govt. KVKs are sanctioned to Agri Universities, ICAR, related Govt Depts and NGOs working in Agri. KVK, is an integral part of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS). It aims at location specific technology module
Ministry of Cooperation: Critical Analysis In a historic move, a separate ‘Ministry of Co-operation’ has been created by the Modi Government for realizing the vision of ‘Sahkar se Samriddhi’. This ministry will provide a separate administrative, legal and policy frame
How do boost indigenous capacities in Defense production? The Government has taken several policy initiatives and brought in reforms to promote indigenisation and self-reliance in defence manufacturing, under AatmaNirbhar Bharat Mission in the defence sector. Important policy initiatives are as u
Bad Bank launched for stressed assets as a measure to clean up bank books What is a ‘bad bank’? A bad bank is a financial entity set up to buy non-performing assets (NPAs), or bad loans, from banks. The aim of setting up a bad bank is to help ease the burden on banks by takin
Solution for Water crisis in India Steps taken by the Central Government to control water depletion and promote rain water harvesting / conservation are as under: 1) Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) JSA was launched in 2019, a time bound campaign with a mission mode approach intended to imp
Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) Phase II Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) is a State sector scheme formulated to bridge the funding gap and provide urgent finance to States for the repair and maintenance of Dams. The scheme closed on 31st March 2021.
Every scheme for Employment generation in India The government of India has taken a number of initiatives for promoting employment generation in the country during the corona pandemic. 1) Financial package Financial package of more than rupees twenty seven lakh crore under “
Initiatives for the MSME sector in India The Ministry of MSME implements various schemes and programmes for the growth and development of the MSME Sector in the country. These schemes and programmes include the Prime Minister’s Employment Generation programme (PMEGP), Scheme of Fund f
The government has encouraged setting up Ethanol plants The entrepreneurs/project proponents are free to set up ethanol plants in any part of the country without seeking any formal approval from the Government of India. However, various statutory clearances from States/ Ministry of En
Shipping sector UPSC Ministry of Shipping was formed in 2009. India has a coastline of 7517 km, spread on the western and eastern shelves of the mainland and also along the Islands. There are 12 major ports and 200 non-major ports. 12 Major Ports (PT Pointers) Kolkata Port
Pegasus spyware It is spyware that works by sending an exploit link, and if the target user clicks on the link, the malware or the code that allows the surveillance is installed on the user’s phone. Pegasus is installed without the user’s knowledge or permission. Once Peg
Climate change has added over 1,000 lakes in Swiss Alps: study Glaciers there lost a full 2% of their volume last year alone Climate change has dramatically altered the Swiss Alp landscape — at a quicker pace than expected — as melting glaciers have created more than 1,000 new la
Copyright© Aspire IAS Academy. All rights reserved. Powered by CLT Technologies & Edu-Publishers Private Limited.