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Cultural heritage list

Cultural heritage list Part of: GS-I- CULTURE (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) Draft intangible cultural heritage list released by the Union Culture Ministry. Details: 106 items have been listed as intangible cultural heritage in the draft released by the Union Culture Ministry as a part of the ministry’s Vision 2024 programme. Out of these 13 traditions of Indian intangible cultural heritage are already recognised by UNESCO. As per the 2003 UN

Denied alcohol, many take to ‘arishtams’

Denied alcohol, many take to ‘arishtams’ Ayurveda pharmacy stores across the State of Kerala have of late found a surge in demand for arishtams and saves, which have alcohol content up to 10%. ‘arishtams’ and ‘asavams’ have self-generated alcohol. Staff in some Ayurveda pharmacy stores in Kozhikode claimed that the sale of such medicines had gone up by around 30% after the enforcement of the lockdown. According to rules, individuals can

First Total Yoga Village

First Total Yoga Village Kunnamthanam in kerala is the first total yoga village with at least one member of each family in the panchayat trained in yoga.

Classical Language Status

Classical Language Status Maharashtra government has sent a proposal to Ministry of Culture for granting classical language status to Marathi language. As of now, six languages i.e. Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Odia and Sanskrit have been given the status of classical languages. The criteria adopted for the eligibility of a language for granting classical language status are High antiquity of its early texts/ recorded history over a period of 1500-2000 years; A body of ancien

Sangeet Natak Academy

Sangeet Natak Academy The Sangeet Natak Akademi was set up in 1953 for the promotion of performing arts. The Sangeet Natak Akademi is an Autonomous Body under the Ministry of Culture. It acts at the national level for the: Promotion and growth of Indian music, dance and drama; Maintenance of standards of training in the performing arts; Revival, preservation, documentation and dissemination of materials as well as instruments relating to various forms of music, dance and drama.

Lalit Kala Akademi

Lalit Kala Akademi Lalit Kala Akademi (National Academy of Fine Arts) is an autonomous organisation under the Ministry of Culture. It has headquarters at New Delhi and regional centres at Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Kolkata, Lucknow and Shimla. Lalit Kala Akademi is the nodal agency of the Government of India to promote understanding of Indian art, both within and outside the country. The Akademi conducts international exhibition on contemporary art in New Delhi every three years. It also con

Nada yoga

Nada yoga Nada yoga is an ancient Indian metaphysical system. It is equally a philosophical system, a medicine, and a form of yoga. The system's theoretical and practical aspects are based on the premise that the entire cosmos and all that exists in the cosmos, including human beings, consists of vibrations, called n?da. This concept holds that it is the energy of vibrations rather than of matter and particles which form the building blocks of the cosmos. Nada yoga is also a re


Meghadootam Meghadootam (meaning cloud messenger) is a lyric love poem composed by Kalidasa about the 5th century AD. The poem recounts the expression of love by Yaksha to his wife at Alaka,Mt. Kailash through the cloud as a messenger. Most of the poem consists of a description of the landmarks, cities, and sights on the cloud’s journey to Alaka. Chhattisgarh state artistes performing dance based on Meghadootam in Republic day won prize in best tableau category. Kalidasa Kalida

Paleolithic sites

Paleolithic sites The study of over 7,200 stone artefacts collected from the archaeological site at Attirampakkam in the Kortallayar river basin (Tamilnadu) throws light over the transition period from lower to middle Paleolithic period The Paleolithic/Old stone age period extends from 2.6 million years ago to 10000 BC. The period is divided into Lower, Middle and Upper phases

Indus script

Indus script Scientists at The Institute of Mathematical Sciences have figured out a way to computationally estimate whether a language is written from left to right or otherwise. As a part of the study, the found that the Indus script was written from right to left. However in some long seals the Boustrophedon method of writing was adopted. Boustrophedon writing is the way of writing in the reverse direction in alternate line.

Sheen Khalai (Blue Skin)

Sheen Khalai (Blue Skin) It is an Afghan community in India who fled with their families from the tribal areas between Afghanistan and Pakistan during the Partition in 1947. The women are part of a community of Pushtun Hindus that lived in the Baloch areas and belong to the Kakari tribes still living in afghan. Pushtunsare an Iranic ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan. They speak the Pashto language and adhere to Pashtunwali, which is a traditional set of eth

Shigmo Festival

Shigmo Festival Shigmo is the traditional spring festival celebrated by farmers in rural Goa. It is an annual float parade held in major cities of the state. The Goan folk art such as GhodeModni, Goff, and Fugdi are performed. It was traditionally celebrated as the homecoming of the warriors who had left their homes and families at the end of Dusshera to fight invaders.

Archaeological Survey of India

Archaeological Survey of India Context Union Minister for Culture & Tourism (I/C) Shri Prahlad Singh Patel announced that Culture  Ministry has approved opening of 820 centrally protected monuments under the Archeological Survey of India which have places of worship from 8th June, 2020. Shri Patel also said that all the protocols issued by the MHA and the Health ministry will be followed in these monuments. About ASI The Archaeological Survey of India is an attached offic

Tala Maddale, Tulu Yakshagana in Udupi

Tala Maddale, Tulu Yakshagana in Udupi Tala-Maddale is an ancient form of performance dialogue or debate performance in Southern India in the Karavali and Malnad regions of Karnataka and Kerala. The plot and content of the conversation is drawn from popular mythology but the performance mainly consists of an impromptu debate between characters involving sarcasm, puns, philosophy positions and humour. The main plot is sung from the same oral texts used for the Yakshgana form of dance-


Yakshagana About: Yakshagana is a traditional theatre form that combines dance, music, dialogue, costume, make-up, and stage techniques with a unique style and form. Yakshagana literally means the song (gana) of the yaksha (nature spirits). It developed in Udupi, in the state of Karnataka. It is popular in the Karnataka districts of Dakshina Kannada, Kasaragod, Udupi, Uttara Kannada and Shimoga . This folk art is believed to have originated somewhere in between the 10th and 16th

Ashadhi Bij, the Kutchi New Year

Ashadhi Bij, the Kutchi New Year The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has greeted the people on the special occasion of Ashadhi Bij, the Kutchi New Year. It is on 23rd June

Zardozi embroidery

Zardozi embroidery Zardozi embroidery is beautiful metal embroidery, which once used to embellish the attire of the Kings and the royals in India. It was also used to adorn walls of the royal tents, scabbards, wall hangings and the paraphernalia of regal elephants and horses. Zardozi embroidery work involves making elaborate designs, using gold and silver threads. Further adding to the magnificence of the work are the studded pearls and precious stones. Zardosi embroidery has been

Nehru Memorial Museum & Library (NMML)

Nehru Memorial Museum & Library (NMML) It was established in memory of Jawaharlal Nehru. It is an autonomous institution under the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. It is located in the majestic Teen Murti House, the official residence of the first Prime Minister of India. It has four major constituents namely: A Memorial Museum, A Library on Modern India, A Centre for Contemporary Studies and Nehru Planetarium.

All the Martial Arts of India

All the Martial Arts of India 1.  Kalaripayattu It is the oldest martial art in India originated in the state of Kerala in 4th century A.D. Techniques of Kalaripayattu: Uzhichil or the massage with Gingli oil, Otta, Maipayattu or body exercises, Puliyankam or sword fight, Verumkai or bare-handed fight etc. Kalari is a Malayalam word which means School/gymnasium/training hall where Martial arts are practiced or taught. Kalaripayattu was introduced as martial art by a

Walmiki and Malhar: Two endangered languages discovered

A linguist Prof Mohanty from the University of Hyderabad has discovered two languages recently called Walmiki and Malhar, which were “lying hidden from linguists”. The languages are categorised `endangered’ as it is spoken by a very small number of people. The Malhar is spoken by just 75 including children from a particular community. These people live in a remote and isolated hamlet about 165 kms from Bhubaneswar, the capital of Odisha. The Walmiki is spoken in the dist

Puppetry of India

Puppetry of India In Sanskrit terminology Puttalika and Puttika means ‘little sons’. The root of Puppet is derived from the latin word ‘Pupa’ meaning a doll. India is said to be the home of puppets, but it is yet to awaken to its unlimited possibilities. The earliest reference to the art of puppetry is found in Tamil classic ‘Silappadikaaram’ written around the 1st or 2nd century B.C. Natyashastra does not refer to the art of puppetry but the pr

Maharaja Suheldev

Suheldev was a legendary medieval-era warrior-king. He is mentioned in Mirat-i-Masudi. According to the legend, Suhaldev was the eldest son of King Mordhwaj of Shravasti, during the 11th century. Though his historical existence is shrouded in mystery, he is today popular as a caste icon among the Rajbhars (OBC) and the Pasis (second largest Dalit caste in U.P.), both of whom have been competing for his legacy. According to critiques, BJP over the years aggressively tried

Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav

Nodal Ministry: It is a festival started by the Ministry of Culture in the year 2015. Objective: It enhances mutual understanding and bonding between people of diverse cultures. Thereby it secures stronger unity and integrity of India. Participation of Zonal Centres: The festival witnesses the active participation of Seven Zonal Culture Centres. Significance: The festival is instrumental in showcasing folk and tribal art, dance, music, cuisines & culture of one state in ot

‘National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual, Heritage Augmentation Drive’ (PRASHAD)

‘National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual, Heritage Augmentation Drive’ (PRASHAD) The ‘National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual, Heritage Augmentation Drive’ (PRASHAD) is a Central Sector Scheme fully financed by the Government of India launched by the Ministry of Tourism in the year 2014-15 with the objective of integrated development of identified pilgrimage and heritage destinations. The scheme aimed at infrastructure developm

Indian Institute of Heritage at Noida

The government has decided to set up the ‘Indian Institute of Heritage’ at Noida, Gautam Buddha Nagar. Indian Institute of Heritage will be a world-class university. IIH would offer Masters and Ph.D courses in History of Arts, Conservation, Museology, Archival Studies, Archaeology. This will impact higher education and research in the fields related to rich Indian heritage and its conservation. Indian Institute of Heritage would offer Masters and Ph.D courses in History of A


MANIPURI DANCE It is an ancient classical dance that originated in the Northeast state of Manipur. The earliest form of dance in Manipur is Lai Haraoba which forms the basis of all dances. Lai haraoba is the festival that means merry-making of God. It has roots in Manipur’s pre-Vaishnava era. The central theme of the dance is the love story of Krishna and Radha. The Manipuri culture is a combination of both Indian and South-Eastern cultures. The chief instrument used


BHIL TRIBES  Bhil tribes in Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh set an example through ‘Jeevan Shala’ which is established and has been running several schools in central India’s tribal areas for 30 years, despite the government opposition. About Bhil Tribe The word Bhil is derived from “Veel”, which means “bow” in the Dravidian language. The Bhil tribe is called “Dhanush Purush of India” because they are highly adept


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