26 Nov, 2020
30 Min Read
|GS-I||Tropical Cyclone Nivar||Physical Geography|
|GS-II||Constitution Day||Indian Polity|
|Center within its rights to suspend MPLADS: Bombay HC||Government policies and interventions|
|GS-III||Protest Against Bru Resettlement||Internal security|
|Sahakar Pragya launched by Ministry of Agriculture|
|Maharashtra sets up Desalination plants||Biodiversity & Environment|
|PT Pointer||Essential Services Maintenance Act||Economic Issues|
Why in News?
Recently, the tropical cyclone Nivar made landfall along the Tamil Nadu- Puducherry coast.
Landfall refers to the phenomenon of a cyclone’s outer wall moving over the coastline and beyond.
The Tamil Nadu government has announced a public holiday under the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881, in 16 districts, including Chennai, considering the impact of Cyclone Nivar.
Fishing activities have been restricted and residents evacuated in coastal areas hit by the cyclone. The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) has deployed its teams in the affected regions.
The Constitution Day
Today on 26th November, 71st constitution day will be celebrated in the country. Every year as part of the celebrations, a number of activities aimed at highlighting and reiterating the values and principles enshrined in the Constitution are organised.
About the Constitution of India:
N. Gopalaswami, B.R. Ambedkar, K.M Munshi, Mohammad Saadulla,
B.L. Mitter and D.P. Khaitan.
B.R Ambedkar as its Chairman.
Recent Bombay High Court ruling:
The Union government was within its powers to suspend the MPLAD scheme and divert such funds to combat Covid-19.
Besides, this (Covid-19) is a disaster so the government will have to resort to Disaster Management Act. It is within its powers to invoke the Act.
What’s the issue?
About MPLAD scheme: Launched in December 1993.
Release of Funds:
The MPs have a recommendatory role under the scheme.
Recommendation of works:
Each resettled family will get an estimated 0.03 acres of land for building a home, Rs. 1.5 lakh as housing assistance, and Rs. 4 lakh as a one-time cash benefit for sustenance, a monthly allowance of Rs. 5,000 and free rations for two years from the date of resettlement.
Reason for the Protest:
Conditions of the Brus:
Sahakar Pragya launched by Ministry of Agriculture
Objective: To impart training to primary cooperative societies in rural areas.
It is now the fourth state in India to experiment with the idea.
What is desalination?
The Uttar Pradesh government has extended the Essential Services Maintenance Act in the State, banning strikes in all departments and corporations under it for a period of another six months.
About ESMA, 1968:
The Essential Services Maintenance Act (ESMA) is an act of Parliament of India.
Objective: It was established to ensure the delivery of certain services, which if obstructed would affect the normal life of the people.
These include services like public transport (bus services), health services (doctors and hospitals).
ESMA gives police right to arrest without a warrant anybody violating the Act’s provisions.
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