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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 14 July, 2022

  • 7 Min Read

APPROVED FUEL FOR NCR: CAQM

APPROVED FUEL FOR NCR: CAQM

Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM) has directed National Capital Region (NCR) states to adopt a standard list of approved fuels to reduce air pollution.

  • The standard list of fuels approved by the CAQM includes petrol, diesel, hydrogen, methane, natural gas, Liquified Petroleum Gas, and electricity.
  • The majority of industries shifted to cleaner fuels such as PNG (Piped Natural gas) and biomass and many other industrial sectors such as food processing, distilleries, and chemicals are already in the process of shifting to cleaner fuels.
  • Shifting to cleaner fuels such as biomass and PNG in the industries of the NCR region has greatly contributed to reducing the load of pollution.

CAQM

  • It is a statutory body formed under the Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas, Act 2021.
  • Earlier, the commission was framed through the promulgation of the Commission for Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Ordinance, 2021.
  • The Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and Adjoining Areas, Act 2021 dissolved the Environment Pollution Prevention and Control Authority which was established in the NCR in 1998.

Objectives:

  • To ensure the better coordination, research, identification, and resolution of problems surrounding the air quality index and for matters connected therewith.

Scope:

  • The states of Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh adjoining the NCR where any source of pollution may hurt air quality, have been defined under the adjoining area of NCR.

Composition:

  • Commission will be chaired by a full-time Chairperson who has been a Secretary to the Government of India, or a Chief Secretary to a State Government.
  • The chairperson will hold the position for three years or until she/he attains the age of 70 years.
  • It will have members from several Ministries and also representatives from the stakeholder States.
  • It will have experts from the Central Pollution Control Board Indian Space Research Organisation and Civil Society.

Functions:

  • To Coordinate the actions taken by concerned state governments of Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh
  • Planning and executing plans to prevent and control air pollution in the region of NCR.
  • Providing a framework for the identification of major air pollutants.
  • Conducting research and development through networking with technical institutions.
  • Training and creating a special workforce to deal with problems related to air pollution.
  • Preparing various action plans such as increasing the plantation of more trees and addressing stubble burning which is a major reason for air pollution in the region.

Source: The Hindu


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