30 April, 2020
5 Min Read
Part of: GS-II- International relations (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST)
Recently, a US-funded study has highlighted the possible impact of China’s dams on the Mekong river (known as the Lancang river in China) and countries downstream. The study was published by the Sustainable Infrastructure Partnership in Bangkok and the Lower Mekong Initiative. The Lower Mekong Initiative is a US partnership with all the downstream countries of Mekong besides Myanmar. The Mekong flows from China to Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam.
It has called the study groundless and highlighted the drought faced by Yunnan because Lancang only accounts for 13.5% of Mekong’s flows. China has maintained that the dams, it is building, are run of the river dams which store water for power generation.
According to Indian experts, the study is not conclusive because it only considers the water flowing into the lower basin at one station in Thailand. It did not consider other dams and water use along the course of the river. The lower basin is not entirely dependent on flows from China, but also receives water from tributaries in all other countries it flows in, which the study did not account for.
India’s Other Concerns
India has been expressing concerns about the Brahmaputra since 2015 when China operationalised its first hydropower project at Zangmu. Currently, three other dams at Dagu, Jiexu and Jiacha are being developed.
For India, the quantity of water is not an issue because these are run of the river dams and will not impact the Brahmaputra flow.
More importantly, Brahmaputra is not entirely dependent on upstream flows and an estimated 35% of its basin is in India.
However, India is concerned about the Chinese activities affecting the quality of water, ecological balance and flood management. India and China do not have a water-sharing agreement. Both nations share hydrological data so it becomes important to share genuine data and have a continuous dialogue on issues like the warning of droughts, floods and high water discharges.
Operation 'Megha Chakra' on Child Sexual Abuse The "Megh Chakra" operation is being carried out in response to inputs from Interpol's Singapore special unit based on the information obtained from the New Zealand authorities. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is waging a nationwide campaign against the dissemina
World Tourism Day and India’s status Every year on September 27, people all over the world celebrate World Tourism Day. This year, it will take place in Bali, Indonesia. “Rethinking Tourism” is the theme for 2022. ??????? What are the Main Ideas? Since 1980, September 27 has been observed as World Tourism Day
Jaldoot App & Groundwater Status in India The "JALDOOT App and JALDOOT App e-brochure" was recently released by the Ministry of Rural Development to better measure groundwater levels. ??????? About JALDOOT app The Panchayati Raj and the Ministry of Rural Development collaborated to create the JALDOOT app.
Group of Four (G4) on UNSC Reform Under the auspices of The Group of Four (G4), the External Affairs Minister of India met with his counterparts from Brazil, Germany, and Japan. Details about the news G4 discussed concerns pertaining to the UN Security Council reform during a meeting that took place alongside the 77th session of the
Draft Indian Telecommunication Bill 2022 To control Internet-based OTT (Over-The-Top) telecom services, the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) recently announced the draught Indian Telecommunications 2022 Bill. ?????????????? What are the Draft Bill's Main Points? The Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, Indian Wireless Telegraph
Copyright© Aspire IAS Academy. All rights reserved. Powered by CLT Technologies & Edu-Publishers Private Limited.