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  • 08 April, 2021

  • 5 Min Read

Jal Jeevan Mission: Working Mechanism & Governance

Jal Jeevan Mission: Working Mechanism & Governance

Jal Jeevan Mission – Har Ghar Jal announced on 15th August 2019, to provide Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural home by 2024, which is in its third year of implementation.

National Jal Jeevan Mission, Ministry of Jal Shakti will soon roll out the annual planning exercise with States. The working mechanism is as follows:

  • While implementing, States/ UTs are to give priority to water quality-affected areas, villages in drought prone and desert areas, Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe majority villages,117 Aspirational districts and Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana villages to provide all households with tap water connection in a time-bound manner.
  • The State Action Plan is prepared by States/ UTs with an objective to provide 100% of households with tap water connections and achieve overall drinking water security.
  • This is the master plan with detailed information on the number of schemes to be retrofitted/ new schemes to achieve saturation along with timelines to initiate and complete& commission the schemes on ground.
  • It will also identify sources of convergence, invest in sensor-based IoT technology for real-time monitoring and measurement of water supply, firm up State O&M policy, intensify IEC/ BCC, Water Quality Monitoring &Surveillance activities, etc.
  • The AAP (2021–22) will further emphasize on support activities like empowering Village Water & Sanitation Committees (VWSCs)/ Pani Samitis, preparation and approval of Village Action Plans (VAPs) which will have the components of drinking water source strengthening/ augmentation, water supply infrastructure, grey water treatment & reuse, and operation & maintenance of in-village water supply systems.
  • The States/ UTs are also to plan for intense training and skilling programmes, especially 5 persons in every village on water quality surveillance
  • The special campaign to provide tap water connections in schools, anganwadi centres (AWCs) and Ashramshalas under the Jal Jeevan Mission has received a very good response from the States & UTs with several States reporting 100% saturation in all schools and AWCs.
  • In areas of drinking, cooking mid-day meals, handwashing and use in toilets rainwater harvesting and grey water reuse is promoted so that future generations inculcate the spirit of holistic management of water for water security and improved hygiene and sanitation in villages
  • Implementation of the Jal Jeevan Mission is done in a participatory manner. At State and district level, NGOs, voluntary organizations, self-help groups, etc. are involved in supporting the local village communities as implementation support agencies.
  • Since the launch of this mission in August 2019, despite the CoVid-19 pandemic, subsequent lockdowns and huge challenges, so far over 4.07 Crore rural households have been provided with tap water connections. Now, over 7.30 Crore i.e. 38% rural households are getting potable water through taps.
  • Goa has become the first State in the country to provide every rural household with tap water supply followed by Telangana and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
  • To bring transparency and make information available to citizens, National JJM has developed the JJM dashboard wherein the online progress of implementation and status of tap water supply in homes has been put in the public domain.

To read detailed provisions & Analysis of Jal Jeevan Mission Click Here

Source: PIB

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