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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 26 July, 2021

  • 11 Min Read

PM's Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC)

PM's Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC)

  • Govt scraps Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) and replace it with PM's Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC)
  • It has 2 functions
    1. Act as a high level advisory body to several ministries.
    2. Execute Mission oriented programmes.
  • It has 9 members. Unlike the earlier SACs, Secretaries of various scientific ministries like Education, Environment and Health would be special invitees to PM STIAC meetings.
  • PM-STIAC identified 9 National S&T Missions

National Language Translation

  • By MEITy, MHRD and DST.
  • It combines machine and human translation, that will eventually enable access to teaching and reseach material bilingually i.e. in English and one's native language.
  • It removes the English barrier.

National Mission on Quantum Frontier

  • By DST, Dept of Space, DAE, DRDO, MEITy.
  • To initiate work in the control of quantum mechanical systems.
  • It will also be helpful for national security and in development of quantum computers, quantum chemistry, quantum sensors, quantum communication and quantum cryptography.

National Mission on Artificial Intelligence

  • By NITI Aayog, DST, MEITy, DBT.
  • It will address societal needs like healthcare, education, agriculture, smart cities and infrastructure, including smart mobility and transportation.

National Biodiversity Mission

  • By MoEFCC, DBT.
  • It includes documentation of India’s biodiversity (cataloguing) and mapping all lifeforms in India including associated cultural and traditional practices.
  • Assessment of the distribution and conservation status of India’s biodiversity.
  • Development of a cadre of professionals.
  • Establishment of a vibrant biodiversity based economy.
  • Engagement with the public
  • Enhanced options for agricultural production and livelihood security.

National Mission on Electric Vehicles

  • By DST, Dept of Heavy Industries, MNRE, Ministry of Power, NITI.
  • Academia - Industry collaboration to develop vehicle subsystems and components including including rare earth based 4 electric motors, Li-ion batteries, power electronics etc.
  • To reduce fossil fuel consumption and mitigate emissions.
  • Make EVs economically viable and scalable and build indigenous capability.

National Mission on Bioscience for Human Health

  • By DST, DBT, Dept of Health Research, DAE and Dept of Health.
  • Construct comprehensive reference maps of genomes and their study to identify the prevalence of rare and inherited diseases.
  • The outcome will stimulate better diagnosis and treatment.

National Mission on Waste to Health

  • DST, DBT, MoEFCC, SBA and Ministry of Urban Development.
  • It aims to identify, develop and deploy technologies to treat waste to generate energy, recycle materials and extract worth.
  • It will identify and support new technologies in creating a clean and green environment.
  • The mission will assist and augment the Swachh Bharat and Smart Cities project.

Deep Ocean Exploration

  • By Ministry of Earth Sciences, DBT, Dept of Space, MNRE, ONGC, DRDO, Geological Survey of India, National Hydrographic Office, National Biodiversity Authority.
  • It aims to scientifically explore the deep oceans towards improving India’s understanding of the blue frontier.
  • It will address issues arising from long term changes in the ocean due to climate change.
  • It includes exploration of resources and life; development of underwater vehicles and robotics; desalination techniques etc.

AGNI (Accelerating Growth of New India's Innovations)

  • By Invest India.
  • It supports the innovation ecosystem in India by connecting innovators across industry, individuals and the grassroots by commercially innovative solutions.
  • It will provide a platform for innovators to bring their technology ready products.
  • It includes techno commercialization, working with Govt R&D labs, training and capacity building.

For complete news on Science, Technology and Innovation Policy, 2013: click here

Source: Sanjeevani Notes


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