UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 03 January, 2023

  • 5 Min Read

SAIME Initiative in Sundarbans

SAIME Initiative in Sundarbans

  • A fresh shrimp farming effort in Sundarbans raises the prospect of mangrove regeneration.

What does SAIME stand for?

  • Farmers in West Bengal have started growing shrimp on 30 hectares as part of the Sustainable Aquaculture In Mangrove Ecosystem (SAIME) initiative.
  • Farmers are planting mangrove trees around the shrimp ponds. Earlier farmers had to buy shrimp feed, now the mangrove leaf litter provides nourishment for the crustaceans
  • NGOs like Naturland, Bangladesh Environment and Development Society (BEDS), Global Nature Fund (GNF), and Nature Environment and Wildlife Society (NEWS) are spearheading the community-based effort of sustainable shrimp cultivation, which was launched in 2019.
  • Shrimp farming and the mangrove ecology are intertwined, unlike the earlier fisheries cultivation which were expanded inward and the mangrove ecosystem was left out.
  • Farmers are cultivating indigenous varieties of shrimps such as black tiger shrimp (P. monodon) and giant freshwater prawn (M. rosenbergii ).
  • One of the main industries in the Sundarbans,( a complex system of rivers and low-lying islands that experience twice-daily tide surges,) is fishing, notably shrimp farming.
  • About 15,000 to 20,000 hectares of India's unique ecology are used for shrimp farming.

What is the Sundarbans Delta's Significance?

  • The Sundarbans, located on the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna River deltas on the Bay of Bengal, are home to the biggest mangrove forests in the world.
  • The mangrove ecosystem is a highly specialised environment that can be found in tropical and subtropical areas between the land and the sea.
  • Many animal species have their natural homes in the Sundarbans, where a huge number of species have been observed to feed, breed, and find shelter.
  • Numerous rare and endangered wildlife species, including the estuary crocodile, water monitor lizard, Gangetic dolphin, and olive ridley turtle, call this region home.
  • India has (40% ) and Bangladesh has (60%) of the area of the Sundarbans. In 1987 (India) and 1997 (Bangladesh), Sundarbans received the UNESCO World Heritage designation.
  • In January 2019, India's Sundarbans Wetland received Ramsar Convention recognition as a "Wetland of International Importance."

Source: The Hindu

Critically Important Antimicrobials (CIA)

The findings of a new survey by the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) underscored the need for properly monitoring critically important antimicrobials to mitigate AMR. CIAs – They represent a class of antimicrobials. Categorised by – World Health Organisation (WHO). 3 groups – Based on thei

Pong dam

Recently the draft policy was prepared to declare Pong Dam Wildlife Sanctuary and the surrounding area an eco-sensitive zone. It is the highest earth-fill dam in India and is one of India’s largest man-made reservoir. Built in – 1975, named after Maharana Pratap and so called as Maharana Pratap Sagar.

TM Module-2 in ICD-11

Recently ICD-11 was launched with the inclusion of Traditional Medicine Module 2. ICD-11 – International Classification of Diseases 11th Revision, the global standard for diagnostic health information. Launched by – World Health Organisation (WHO). Prepared by – WHO in collaboration with Mi

World Employment and Social Outlook Report 2023

Released by- International Labour Organisation Publication- Annually Theme- The value of essential work. About- It details the impact of economic slowdown on the global labour market. 2023 report- It calls for a revaluation of the work of key workers to reflect their social contribution and greater investment in

First Advanced Estimate (FEA) of GDP & GDP CALCULATION

Recently, the 1st Advance Estimates (FAEs) released by the government showed that India’s GDP will grow by 7.3% in the current financial year (2023-24), slightly faster than the 7.2% growth in 2022-23. What is GDP? Gross Domestic Product – GDP is defined as total market value of all final goods and services in


01 Feb,2024


Search By Date

Post Feed

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts

Important Links