|GS-III||GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2022||Biodiversity & Environment|
|HUMAN-WILDLIFE CONFLICT||Biodiversity & Environment|
|PT Pointer||Significance of Transfer Of IN- Orbit Communication||S&T|
The report highlights India’s continuous decline in Sustainable Development Performance. India ranked 120 out of 163 countries in 2022. In 2020 it ranked 117.
Sustainable Development Report is the global assessment of the country's progress toward achieving the sustainable development goal which is published by Sustainable Development Solution Network. (The United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) is a nonprofit organization made by United Nations to promote and advance Sustainable Development Goals).
PERFORMANCE OF COUNTRY: Finland followed by Denmark and Sweden were the top three countries in the performance of the SDG index 2022.
It was Bangladesh and Cambodia which had progressed the most on SDG index since 2015 whereas Venezuela has declined the most since their adoption in 2015.
RANKING CRITERIA: Country are ranked by an overall score which are measure on the progress achieved in all 17 SDG . A score of 100 indicates that all SDG has been achieved.
HIGHLIGHT OF REPORT: SDG index world average has slightly decreased in 2021 for the second consecutive year due to impact of a pandemic on SDG1 (NO POVERTY) and SDG8 (DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH) and bad performance on SDG11-15 (CLIMATE, BIODIVERSITY and SUSTAINABLE URBAN GROWTH)
The other reason for SDG decline are geopolitical and military conflicts like war in Ukraine, as it has a massive humanitarian cost and also poses threat to food security and energy prices.
FOCUS SHOULD BE ON :
Collaboration and united effort by the countries are needed to achieve the SDG goals. Support of the developed countries in terms of finance, investment and transfer of technology to the developing countries can boost the adoption of Sustainable development Goals.
Source: The Hindu
Human-wildlife conflict refers to the harmful interaction between humans and wildlife that lead to a loss in terms of life, property and resources. The expanding human population and their greediness lead to the encroachment of wildlife areas and disturbing their natural habitation.
VERMIN ISSUE AND RECENT LAW: Recently the wildlife (protection) amendment bill 2021 was introduced in the parliament with the objective to change the wildlife (protection) act 1972.
In 2016 the central government declared Rhesus monkeys in Himachal Pradesh, wild boar in Uttarakhand and Nilgai in Bihar to be vermin.
WILD LIFE (PROTECTION) Amendment Bill 2021:
The bill seeks to implement the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and increase the species protected under law. The amendments are as follows:
Rationalization of Schedules
Formation of New Authorities as per obligation under CITES
Invasive Alien Species
Control Of Sanctuaries
Special Area includes:
Provision Regarding Captive animals
Increment in Penalties
Other Criticism of the Bill
Source: The Hindu
Recently the union cabinet approved the transfer of 10 in-orbit communication satellites from the government of India to NewSpace India limited. NSIL is a public sector enterprise under the administrative control of the Department of Space. The Indian government has also approved increasing the share capital of NSIL from Rs1000 crore to Rs 7500 crore.
NSIL: Central public sector enterprise established in the year 2019 under the administrative control of the Department of Space with the responsibility of enabling Indian industries to take up high technology space-related activities. Its headquarter is in Bengaluru. It co-produces Polar Satellite Launch Vehicles (PSLV) and launches satellites through Small Satellite Launch Vehicles (SSLV).
Source: The Hindu
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