15 Jun, 2022
14 Min Read
|GS-II||ASSESSMENT OF National e-Governance Service Delivery 2||Important reports|
|YEARBOOK OF SIPRI 2022||Important reports|
|GS-III||BENEFITS OF RICE FORTIFICATION||Economic Issues|
|PT Pointer||AGNIPATH SCHEME||Governance|
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions come up with the second edition of the National e-Governance Service Delivery Assessment 2021,( NeSDA 2021).
NeSDA 2021: For Digital Government excellence, the National e-Governance Service Delivery Assessment (NeSDA) responsibility has been undertaken by the Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances (DARPG).
NeSDA was launched in the year 2018, which was based on the Online Service Index (OSI) of the UNDESA eGovernment Survey (UN E-Government Survey 2020 by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, since 2001).
This is the second edition of NeSDA, and the first edition was launched in 2019
NeSDA STRUCTURE :
The portals evaluation were classified into one of two categories:
2021 ASSESSMENT: In the Central Ministry Services Portals, scores have improved for 6 portals while among various States and UTs, scores have been better for 28 of the State / UT Portals and 22 of the State / UT Services Portals.
E-Governance defines the government’s functioning with the application of information and communication technology. It is a move towards a smart government. It is also based on the concept of minimum government and maximum governance.
The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) published the findings of SIPRI Yearbook 2022, which evaluate the current state of armaments, disarmament, and the status of international security.
SIPRI: SIPRI is an independent international body which is specialized in research into conflict, armaments, arms control, and disarmament.
It came up in the year 1966 in Stockholm. It gives the data analysis, and recommendations, which are based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, and media.
HIGHLIGHT OF THE REPORT:
Nine nuclear-armed states —that is United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel, and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea)—are still modernizing their nuclear arsenals and although the total number of nuclear weapons decreases slightly between January 2021 and January 2022, the number will increase probably next decade.
India had a total of 160 nuclear warheads as of January 2022 and it still appears to be increasing its nuclear arsenal.
Nuclear warheads are the explosive head of a missile that uses nuclear energy.
India’s nuclear stockpile has changed from 156 in January 2021 to 160 in January 2022
China had TOTAL 350 nuclear warheads both in January 2021 and January 2022.
MAJOR ARM IMPORTER: SIPRI find out 164 states as importers of major arms from 2016 to 2020
The top five largest arms importers are Saudi Arabia, India, Egypt, Australia, and China, and together they accounted for 36% of total imports.
The region which received the maximum volume of major arms supplies in 2016-20 was Asia and Oceania, accounting for 42% of the global total, followed by the Middle East, which received 33%.
Russia and USA possess the 90% of the total nuclear weapon.
MAJOR ARM SUPPLIER: The largest five suppliers in 2016-20 were the United States, Russia, France, Germany, and China and they accounted for a total of 76% of the volume of exports of major arms.
Center to boost the supply of fortified rice started the second phase of the distribution of fortified rice from April 1. Its main aim is to supply fortified rice to beneficiaries of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and the Pradhan Mantra Poshan Shakti Nirman (PM-POSHAN) Scheme.
Food cooperation of India had procured about 90 lakh tonnes of fortified rice and about 2.2lakh tonnes had been supplied to 90 districts in 16 states.
Rice fortification is a centrally sponsored pilot scheme for the fortification of rice and its distribution under the public distribution system for 3 years starting from 2019.
1. To tackle the problem of anaemia and micronutrient deficiency in the country, a special focus has also been given first to aspirational districts of the country.
2. It increases learning and mental activity and helps to achieve a more healthy way of life.
3. The fortification of rice is a cost-effective and complementary strategy to increase vitamin and mineral content in diets.
4. Every second woman in the country is anaemic and every third child is stunted. Even India ranked has also slipped to 101 positions in the Global Hunger Index 2021 out of 116 countries, which is a matter of concern.
5. hidden hunger which is the deficiency of micronutrients is a serious health risk, and can be solved by fortification of rice as rice is one of India’s staple foods consumed by two-thirds of the population.
According to the FSSAI norm, 1kg fortified rice will contain:
It also contains Zinc, Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, and vitamin B6.
Significance of Transfer Of IN- Orbit Communication Satellite Recently the union cabinet approved the transfer of 10 in-orbit communication satellites from the government of India to NewSpace India limited. NSIL is a public sector enterprise under the administrative control of the Departmen
GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2022 The report highlights India’s continuous decline in Sustainable Development Performance. India ranked 120 out of 163 countries in 2022. In 2020 it ranked 117. Sustainable Development Report is the global assessment of the country's progres
HUMAN-WILDLIFE CONFLICT Human-wildlife conflict refers to the harmful interaction between humans and wildlife that lead to a loss in terms of life, property and resources. The expanding human population and their greediness lead to the encroachment of wildlife areas and disturbing their natural
UN FUND INSUFFICIENT FOR CLIMATE DISASTER: OXFAM Oxfam International released a report, which says the United Nations requires eight times more climate finance than 20 years ago to be able to provide humanitarian aid to low-income countries during climate-related disasters. It is also sa
Copyright© Aspire IAS Academy. All rights reserved. Powered by CLT Technologies & Edu-Publishers Private Limited.