17 October, 2019
4 Min Read
|GS-II||HONG KONG HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY ACT||International Relations|
|Van Dhan Internship Programme|
|GS-III||SEWA SERVICE TRAINS||Economic Issues|
The U.S. Senate unanimously adopted legislation-"Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act" supporting "Pro-Democracy" movement in Hong Kong threatening to revoke its special economic status.This step angered China which threatened countermeasures.Lawmakers also approved a measure that would ban the sale of tear gas, rubber bullets and other
equipment that have been used by security forces to suppress protests .
The protests of 2014 were about getting the universal suffrage that Hong Kong was promised in the Basic Law, the constitution that lays out how the city is to be governed after its return from Britain to Chinese sovereignty in 1997.
IMPLICATIONS OF THE BILL:
A Waqf Board is a juristic person with power to acquire and hold property and to transfer any such property. The board can sue and be sued in a court as it is recognised as a legal entity or juristic person.
Each state has a Waqf Board headed by a chairperson, one or two nominees from the state government, Muslim legislators and parliamentarians, Muslim members of the state Bar Council, recognised scholars of Islamic theology and mutawalis of the waqfs with an annual income of Rs 1 lakh and above.
POWERS OF WAQF BOARD:
According to the Waqf Act, the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Waqf Board has the power to administer the disputed site. In 1945, in a suit before a Faizabad judge between the Sunni and Shia Waqf Boards, it was held that the Babri Masjid is a Sunni Waqf.
Union Minister of Tribal Affairs launched the “Van Dhan Internship Programme” organised by TRIFED under Ministry of Tribal Affairs here today.
Points to remember:
About Van Dhan Vikas Kendras initiative:
The initiative aims to promote MFPs-centric livelihood development of tribal gatherers and artisans.
It mainstreams the tribal community by promoting primary level value addition to MFP at grassroots level.
Implemented through Ministry of Tribal Affairs as Nodal Department at the Central Level and TRIFED as Nodal Agency at the National Level.
At State level, the State Nodal Agency for MFPs and the District collectors are envisaged to implement at grassroot level.
Locally the Kendras are proposed to be managed by a Managing Committee (an SHG) consisting of representatives of Van Dhan SHGs in the cluster.
Composition: As per the plan, TRIFED will facilitate establishment of MFP-led multi-purpose Van Dhan Vikas Kendras, a cluster of 10 SHGs comprising of 30 tribal MFP gatherers each, in the tribal areas.
Significance of MFP:
"Sweating of assets" concept:
"Sweating the assets" is variously defined as cutting costs, virtualizing, or getting "as much use as possible out of what you already possess.
OTHER NEW INITIATIVES OF RAILWAYS:
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