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18 October, 2019

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GS-I GUPTA DYNASTY EMPEROR SKANDAGUPTA Miscellaneous
GS-II BREXIT International Relations
GS-I : Miscellaneous
GUPTA DYNASTY EMPEROR SKANDAGUPTA

CONTEXT :

Union home minister Amit Shah recently inaugurated an international seminar at BHU on the role of Gupta dynasty emperor Skandagupta,.He extolled the greatness of Skandagupta, Shah said history has been unfair to Gupta period rulers.

WHO WAS SKANDAGUPTA ?

# Skandagupta Vikramaditya was the last great Gupta Ruler.

# He ascended to the throne on 455 AD and is known to have crushed the White Huna Invasion and also the Pushyamitras in the early years of his invasion itself ( Bhitari pillar inscription ).

# In his12 year rule, he has defended the great culture of India .

#  In every field from art and architecture to trade and literature, India had achieved the pinnacle of civilization in the Gupta Era.

# The Junagadh rock contains inscription of the  rulers Ashoka, Rudradaman and also the orders of Skandagupta’s governor Parnadatta.

# Skandagupta issued 5 types of gold coins like : Archer type, King and queen type, Chhatra type, Lion-slayer type and Horseman type. He also issued silver coins.

 

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GS-II : International Relations
BREXIT

What is Brexit?

Brexit - British exit - refers to the UK leaving the EU.

What is the European Union?

The EU is an economic and political union involving 28 European countries. It allows free trade and free movement of people, to live and work in whichever country they choose.

The UK joined in 1973 (when it was known as the European Economic Community). If the UK leaves, it would be the first member state to withdraw from the EU.

Why is the UK leaving?

A public vote - or referendum - was held on Thursday 23 June 2016, to decide whether the UK should leave or remain.

Leave won by 52% to 48%. The referendum turnout was very high at 72%.

New Brexit deal:

The revised plan effectively creates a customs and regulatory border between Northern Ireland and Great Britain. This means some goods entering Northern Ireland from Great Britain would have to pay EU import taxes.
Goods that are at risk of entering EU market, EU tariffs will be applied.
Goods entering Northern Ireland from third countries not entering EU market , UK tariffs will be applied.

Why Delay in Brexit deal ?

Due to Withdrawal Amendment Bill

What is Withdrawal Amendment Bill ?


1. It sets out exactly how the UK will make "divorce bill" payments to the EU in future

2. It repeals the European Communities Act, which took the UK into the EU.

3. Setting up a customs and regulatory border between Northern Ireland and Great Britain.

4. It sets out areas in which the European Court of Justice still plays a role in the UK.

5. On workers' rights in UK

6. Setting up Independent monitoring authority (IMA) for grievance redressal of EU nationals.

7.In several policy areas, particularly in Northern Ireland, the bill gives ministers a lot of power to change the law (through secondary legislation) without MPs getting to vote.

Good Friay Agreement , 1998

The Belfast Agreement is also known as the Good Friday Agreement, because it was reached on Good Friday, 10 April 1998. It was a peace agreement between the British and Irish governments, and most of the political parties in Northern Ireland, on how Northern Ireland should be governed.


 

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