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18 Jun, 2021

22 Min Read

Rules regulating Cable TV network amended

GS-II : Governance Governance

Rules regulating Cable TV networks amended

  • The Central Government today issued a notification amending the Cable Television Network Rules, 1994 thereby providing a statutory mechanism for redressal of grievances/complaints of citizens relating to content broadcast by television channels in accordance with the provisions of the Cable Television Network Act, 1995.
  • At present, there is an institutional mechanism by way of an Inter-Ministerial Committee to address grievances of citizens relating to violation of the Programme/Advertising Codes under the Rules.
  • At present there are over 900 television channels which have been granted permission by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting all of which are required to comply with the Programme and Advertising Code laid down under the Cable Television Network Rules.
  • The Cable Television Networks (Amendment) Rules, 2021, provides for a 3-level grievance redressal mechanism —
    1. Self-regulation by broadcasters,
    2. Self-regulation by the self-regulating bodies of the broadcasters, and
    3. Oversight by an Inter-Departmental Committee at the level of the Centre.
  • A viewer could file a complaint directly to the broadcaster, who would have to respond within 15 days.
  • If the complainant was not satisfied with the response, the complaint could be escalated to the self-regulating bodies set up by TV channels, which should deal with the case in 60 days.
  • If the complainant is not satisfied with the decision of the self-regulating body, he may, within 15 days of such decision, prefer an appeal to the Central government for its consideration under the Oversight Mechanism.
  • Such appeals would be dealt with by the Inter-Departmental Committee set up under the Oversight Mechanism.
  • The Committee would be headed by the Additional Secretary in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, and have members from the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Home Ministry, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Defence, and representatives of other Ministries and organisations, including experts, as the Centre may decide.
  • This third tier was not only kept aside to hear the appeals, but it could also take up complaints that come directly to the Centre.

Source: PIB

Shenzhou-12 Manned Mission of China

GS-II : International Relations China

Shenzhou-12 Manned Mission of China

  • Recently, a Chinese spaceship “Shenzhou-12” carrying a three-person crew docked with China’s new space station module Tianhe-1.

  • The first group of Chinese astronauts entered the country’s under-construction space station, a major step in China’s plans to have a fully functioning station by next year.
  • Shenzhou-12 spaceship, carrying the three astronauts, completed an “automated rendezvous and docking” with the Tianhe module.
  • Shenzhou-12 was launched from the Jiuquan launch centre in the Gobi desert.
  • The three-man crew will be in orbit for three months. This is the first of two manned space missions planned for this year, part of an intense schedule of launches aimed at completing the space station in 2022.
  • Purpose of the mission: It will "help test technologies related to long-term astronaut stays and health care, the recycling and life support system, the supply of space materials, extravehicular activities and operations, and in-orbit maintenance.”

China’s Space Station

  • China is not a participant in the International Space Station (ISS), largely as a result of US objections to the Chinese program's secrecy and close military ties.
  • The ISS is a joint project between five participating space agencies: NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and b (Canada).
  • However, China has been stepping up cooperation with Russia and a host of other countries, and its station may continue operating beyond the ISS, which is reaching the end of its functional life.

  • This has come after the launch of the Tianzhou-2 cargo spacecraft, which carried vital supplies for the space station.
  • The Shenzhou-12 craft connected with the Tianhe space station module about six hours after takeoff from the Jiuquan launch center in Gobi Desert.
  • The three-man crew will spend three months on the Tianhe module, which is orbiting at some 340km to 380km above the earth.
  • China is the third country after the former Soviet Union and the United States to carry out a manned mission on its own.
  • This is the first of two manned space missions planned for this year, part of an intense schedule of launches aimed at completing the Chinese space station in 2022.
  • At least five more missions are planned for the year, with the Shenzhou-13 manned mission, also carrying three astronauts, set for later this year.
  • The three astronauts are the first to take up residency in the main living module and will carry out experiments, test equipment, conduct maintenance and prepare the station for receiving two laboratory modules next year.
  • It was China’s seventh crewed mission to space but marked a number of firsts for the country – the first manned one during the construction of China’s space station, the first in nearly five years after the country’s last manned mission in 2016 and China’s longest crewed space mission to date.

Other Space Missions of China (Prelims Pointers):

  • China's Mars Probe: In May 2021 China’s Tianwen spacecraft landed on Mars carrying a rover, the Zhurong.
  • China’s Moon Probe: In November 2020, the Change-5 mission landed on the moon’s less explored far side.
  • China and Russia have also unveiled an ambitious plan for a joint International Lunar Research Station running through 2036.

Source: TH

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