24 May, 2020 19 Min Read
|GS-II||Domicile rules for J&K||Governance|
|China suggests shift in BRI approach amid debt concerns||International Relations|
|GS-III||Give loan to eligible borrowers without fear of CBI, CVC and CAG||Economy|
|PT Pickups||Mizoram grants ‘industry’ status to sports||Economy|
GS-II : Governance
Domicile rules for J&K
Part of: GS-II- Governance (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST)
When was the new policy introduced and how will it impact the people of the erstwhile State?
On March 31, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) issued the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Adaptation of State Laws) Order, 2020. Through the order, the MHA amended 109 laws and repealed 29 laws of the erstwhile State of Jammu and Kashmir. The MHA amended a 2010 legislation, the Jammu and Kashmir Civil Services (Decentralisation and Recruitment Act), by substituting the term “permanent residents” with “domiciles of UT [Union Territory] of J&K.”
What did the 2010 Act say?
What are the main features of the new policy?
What are the rules for grant of domicile certificate?
On May 18, the J&K administration notified the J&K grant of domicile certificate procedure rules, 2020 to issue the certificates within 15 days, saying the officer not able to do so will be penalised ?50,000 of his or her salary. Residents of J&K who live outside the erstwhile State can get domicile certificates by simply producing their Permanent Residence Certificate (PRC), ration card copy, voter card or any other valid document. Those migrants not registered with the Relief and Rehabilitation department can do so by providing documents such as electoral rolls of 1988, proof of registration as a migrant in any State in the country or any other valid document. There is a provision to get the certificate online too.
Why is the policy being opposed?
The two main political parties, the National Conference (NC) and the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), have opposed the order saying “it was aimed at changing the demography” of J&K. The NC said in a statement that the amended domicile law was made in exercise of power under the J&K Reorganization Act 2019 that has been challenged in a number of petitions before the Supreme Court of India. The PDP said that it will resist the policy by democratic and peaceful means. It said the COVID-19 pandemic was not a deterrent for the Centre to continue with its project to disempower J&K and that the demographic change and disenfranchisement will further complicate the J&K issue.
China suggests shift in BRI approach amid debt concerns
Part of: GS-II- International issue (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST)
‘We will focus on quality in the joint pursuit of the BRI’
China has hinted at a shift in how it will pursue its signature Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) amid growing concerns about debt repayments from many partner countries because of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
Six years ago, Chinese President Xi Jinping launched a mammoth infrastructure project straddling many countries and continents. Of the projects, the most ambitious is the $60+ billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, aimed at linking China’s Xinjiang province with the Arabian Sea.
What is it?
Why did China push for it?
How many major BRI projects are in the works?
Where does the BRI go from here?
GS-III : Economy
Give loan to eligible borrowers without fear of CBI, CVC and CAG
Part of: GS-III- financial assistance (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST)
Banks should not be scared to extend loans as 100% guarantee is being given by govt, Nirmala Sitharaman told CEOs and MDs of public sector banks. Finance Minister said banks have been asked to extend loans automatically to eligible borrowers without fear of 3Cs -- CBI, CVC and CAG.
When asked about criticism about leaving many critical sectors including hospitality, auto and civil aviation in the economic package, Sitharaman said the government has not taken a sectoral approach but a holistic approach. "Except agriculture and the power sectors where reforms would be undertaken, other than that I have not come up with any sectoral reference. What has now become to be called as MSME package, it includes MSME, and also aims at touching others (sectors) too so the sectors that you are referring to can also benefit through this,"
PT Pickups : Economy
Mizoram grants ‘industry’ status to sports
The northeastern state of Mizoram has accorded ‘industry’ status to sports. The Cabinet cleared the Sports and Youth Service department’s proposal to recognise sports as an ‘industry’ in the state. The idea was first proposed in 2019 as part of the state sports policy by the ruling Mizo National Front government.
According to him, the main aim of the decision is to professionalise sports in the state. “We need to sustain sports and games and make it more meaningful to players. Gone are the days where sports is just entertainment and enjoyment — it needs to be more than that so that players can earn a livelihood out of it,” he said.
Mizoram is known for its love for sports — especially football which is played competitively through the Mizoram Premier League, the state’s highest football league. At least 100 Mizo players are part of the Indian Super League, one of the top premier football leagues in India.
“Not just football, there are pro-leagues for other sports too: volleyball, basketball, boxing, — these are all played in the league level,” he said.
**There are also a number of indigenous games such as inbuan (wrestling), insuknawr (stick fighting) etc. (PT)
Through the new status, the government hopes to commercialise sporting endeavours and woo investors.
“We aim to attract private companies to invest in sports here so that it will benefit us in terms of subsidy, loans and concessions,” the government had also recognised tourism as an industry in 2019 for the same reason.
“Mizoram sports is very popular, and there is no formal recognition,” “We hope to change that with this.”