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  • 25 January, 2021

  • 20 Min Read

India China Border Disputes: Demchok

India China Border Disputes: Demchok

  • Nomads were asked to vacate traditional grazing areas in Demchok.
  • As India and China started the ninth round of Corps Commander talks to address the 9-month-long standoff along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh, the head of one of the border villages claimed that Chinese vehicles were using Indian roads to enter Indian territory.
  • “On December 10, some villagers went there and saw that the Chinese had entered Indian territory and had transgressed more than 1 km from the border. We contacted the authorities who asked us to camp there and not recede even by an inch. We stood guard for four or five days. The two Chinese vehicles came back again on December 16, but this time the SDM and ITBP officials were there.
  • He said People’s Liberation Army personnel were interspersed with Chinese civilians.
  • He said the Chinese aggression could be caught red-handed as everything was recorded on phones.
  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh had informed Rajya Sabha last September that face-offs with the Chinese PLA happened because “patrols were interrupted”.
  • Mr. Singh had said there was no commonly delineated LAC and there was an overlap in the perception of the LAC in many areas.

What is Line of Actual Control (LAC)?

  • The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, formed after the 1962 war.
  • The border is not fully demarcated and the LAC is neither clarified nor confirmed by the two countries.

India-China border is divided into three sectors:

  • Western Part: The LAC in the western sector falls in the union territory of Ladakh and is 1597 km long,
  • Middle Part: The middle sector of 545 km length falls in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, and
  • Eastern Part: The 1346 km long eastern sector falls in the states of Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • So basically, the entire Sino-Indian border (including the western LAC, the small undisputed section in the centre, and the MacMahon Line in the east) is 4,056 km (2,520 mi) long and traverses one Indian union territory – Ladakh and four Indian states: Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The main differences are in the Western and Eastern sectors. India sees China as occupying 38,000 sq km in Aksai Chin. In the east, China claims as much as 90,000 sq km, extending all across Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The middle sector is the least disputed sector, while the western sector witnesses the highest transgressions between the two sides.

For recent news on India – China Trade Deficit: click here

For India – China border disputes: click here

Source: TH

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