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CORD BLOOD BANKING Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- S&T   Recently there has been growing concern regarding the aggressively promoted concept of cord blood banking. Key Points Over the past decade, stem cell banking has been aggressively marketed even as its use is still in experimental stages. The stem cell banking companies get access to data of to-be parents and start approaching their prospective customers much before the delivery and offer competitive packages.

09 March, 2020 Bio Technology

IndiGen Genome project

IndiGen Genome project Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- S&T Details of the IndiGen Genome project, conducted by CSIR, were recently announced. The initiative was implemented by the CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), Delhi and CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad.   Significance, outcomes and benefits of the project: The outcomes of the IndiGen will have applications in a number of areas including&nb

28 March, 2020 Bio Technology

DBT-BIRAC Call on COVID-19 Research Consortium

DBT-BIRAC Call on COVID-19 Research Consortium Department of Biotechnology, DBT and Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council, BIRAC had invited applications on COVID-19 Research Consortium. Sixteen proposals related to devices, diagnostics, vaccine candidates, therapeutics and other interventions have been recommended for receiving funding support. DBT and BIRAC had sought proposals for development of diagnostics, vaccines, therapeutics and other interventions. A multi-faceted

21 April, 2020 Bio Technology

NHC drug (beta-D-N4-hydroxycytidine)-Prodrug

NHC drug (beta-D-N4-hydroxycytidine) Introduction Researchers have found that a ribonucleoside analogue (beta-D-N4-hydroxycytidine or NHC) that has previously shown to be effective against influenza and Ebola is also potent against coronaviruses, including the novel coronavirus that is currently causing the pandemic. NHC Drug The drug was found to be effective in both cell lines and primary human airway epithelial cultures against SARS, MERS and SARS-CoV-2. It was also effective agai

03 May, 2020 Bio Technology

3D bioprinted cartilage

3D bioprinted cartilage A team from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi has been successful in 3D bioprinting of cartilage using a bioink. The bioink has high concentration of bone-marrow derived cartilage stem cells, silk proteins and a few factors. The chemical composition of the bioink supports cell growth and long-term survival of the cells. The cartilage developed in the lab has remained physically stable for up to six weeks. While the cartilage found in the knee i

11 May, 2020 Bio Technology

CRISPR-Cas9 - Gene Editing 

CRISPR-Cas9 - Gene Editing  Part of: GS-III- S&T (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) Background A Chinese researcher recently claimed that he had altered the genes of a human embryo that eventually resulted in the birth of twin girls. The genes were claimed to be “edited” to ensure that they do not get infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. If proven, it would be the first instance of human offspring having been produced with specific desired attributes, using newly

31 May, 2020 Bio Technology


INDIGEN PROJECT Part of: GS-III- S&T (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) What is Gene Sequencing? A genome is the DNA or sequence of genes in a cell. Most of the DNA is in the nucleus and intricately coiled into a structure called the chromosome. Every human cell contains a pair of chromosomes, each of which has three billion base pairs or one of four molecules that pair in precise ways. The order of base pairs and varying lengths of these sequence

31 May, 2020 Bio Technology

3-D Bio-Printing

3-D Bio-Printing Part of: GS-III- S&T (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) The development of 3D bio-printers has raised the prospects of making tissues and organs in a more affordable way and consistent way. Bangalore based start-up Next Big Innovation Lab has made human skin with its own 3D bio-printer using 3D bio-printing with a secret bio-ink. History of bio-printing Creation of human skin in a lab for commercial use dates back to 1993 when MatTek, a company founded by two chemical e

01 June, 2020 Bio Technology

Human Egg grown to maturity in lab

Human Egg grown to maturity in lab Scientists have succeeded for the first time in growing human eggs in a laboratory from the earliest stages in ovarian tissue all the way to full maturity. It is the first-time human egg was developed outside the human body. If the success rate and safety measures are improved, the process may help in preserving the fertility of cancer patients, improving fertility treatments, and deepening scientific understanding of the biology of the earliest

17 June, 2020 Bio Technology

Gene editing, the good first and then the worries

Gene editing, the good first and then the worries Introduction The Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2020 has been awarded to two women scientists, Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna for the development of a method for genome editing. This involved programming a Cas9 protein to cut a piece of DNA at a specific site with the help of a small piece of RNA, thereby proving the ability of CRISPR-Cas9 to function as a gene-editing tool. News: In India, since there is a long

13 October, 2020 Bio Technology

The twisted trajectory of Bt cotton

The twisted trajectory of Bt cotton Introduction: Cotton has been woven and used in India for thousands of years. Cotton fabric from around 3,000 BCE has been excavated from the ruins of Mohenjo-daro, and archaeological findings in Mehrgarh, Pakistan, show that cotton was used in the subcontinent as far back as 5,000 BCE. Indian cotton fabrics dominated the world trade during the succeeding millennia and were exported to many places, including Greece, Rome, Persia, Egypt, Assyria an

15 September, 2020 Bio Technology

Seed Bankers for Conserving Native Crops

30 July, 2019 Bio Technology

International Summit on Women in STEM

24 January, 2020 Bio Technology

Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB)

27 January, 2020 Bio Technology

Biofuel from microorganisms

28 February, 2020 Bio Technology

Biofortified carrot-Madhuban Gajar

08 April, 2020 Bio Technology

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