05 Jul, 2022
19 Min Read
|GS-II||Rights of the transgender persons in India||Governance|
|PT Pointer||China’s New High-Tech Aircraft Carrier: Fujian||S&T|
|MANIPURI DANCE||Art and Culture|
National legal services authority (NALSA) VS Union of India famously known as the NALSA case has a huge implication on the right of transgenders and set forward a very progressive landmark judgment by the Supreme Court Of India.
Judgment of the Supreme Court in the NALSA Case
The court has directed the Center and the State Government to recognize the transgender as the third gender, the court also clarified that the fundamental rights are equally available to the third gender as they are available to males and females in the country.
The apex court briefed that non-recognition of their gender identity violates Articles 14, 15, 16, 19, and 21 of the Constitution of India.
It is the right of all the person to self-identify their gender and no third-gender person should be subjected to any medical examination or biological test which could lead to harm to their privacy as said by the court.
The Supreme Court made a very progressive judgment by rejecting gender identification based on biological sex and gave full importance and acceptance to identification based on psychological sex.
Transgenders are also entitled to reservation in educational institutions and public employment as they are considered socially and educationally backward classes.
It is the responsibility of the Central and the State government to take steps to create public awareness to incorporate transgenders as part of society equally dignified and respected as other genders and end their untouchable treatment of them.
The problem such as fear, shame, social pressure, depression, and suicidal tendencies has to be removed by the government.
The apex court also directed the Centre and State Governments to operate separate HIV Zero-Surveillance Centres, separate public toilets, and appropriate medical care in hospitals for transgenders.
Significance of the judgment
Challenges faced by Third Gender
Initiatives by the Government for the transgender people
It aims to end discrimination against transgender people in accessing employment, education, and health care.
This body has been constituted to advise the Central Government on the formulation and evaluation of policies, programs, projects, and any legislation for the betterment of transgender people.
The Central Government is planning to bring reservations for the community under the OBC category in jobs.
It aims to provide shelter to transgender persons with basic amenities like shelter, food, and medical care.
The judgment had given them a dignified life but it is the responsibility of the government to smoothly and strictly implement the law for the growth of transgender people and create awareness to change the perspective of society towards them.
Source: The Indian Express
How this aircraft is significant for China?
Though China has expanded its military strength, the U.S. remains far ahead. At present, the U.S. is the world’s largest leader in aircraft carriers, with 11 nuclear-powered vessels followed by China, Britain, and Italy.
Status of Aircraft Carrier in India
INS Vikramaditya is the Indian Navy’s largest aircraft carrier and warship converted from the Russian Navy’s decommissioned Admiral Gorshkov/Baku.
STOBAR is a system that is used for the launch and recovery of aircraft from the deck of an aircraft carrier, combining elements of "short take-off and vertical landing" with "catapult-assisted take-off but arrested recovery".
India’s second aircraft carrier is INS Vikrant which is set to be commissioned later this year, it will use the CATOBAR system to launch aircraft.
Its construction will propel India into a select group of countries having capabilities to build state-of-the-art aircraft carriers.
Operational Modalities: According to the Indian Navy, the warship will operate MiG-29K fighter jets, Kamov-31 helicopters, MH-60R multi-role helicopters, and the indigenous-built Advanced Light Helicopters (ALH).
Source: The Hindu
The theme in Manipuri dances
Three styles of Manipuri Ras Leela:
Famous Manipuri Dancers: Yumlembham Gambhini Devi, Guru Bipin Shina, Nirmala Mehta, etc.
Source: The Hindu
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