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Data on Indian Defence

Data on Indian Defence Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri) Report India’s arms imports fell 33 % between 2011-15 and 2016-20, the country has taken a raft of measures to cut dependence on imported military hardware. India's top three arms suppliers during 2016-20 were Russia (accounting for 49% of India's imports), France (18%) and Israel (13%), the report said. According to Sipri, India accounted for 0.2% of the sha

BrahMos missile-Export potential

BrahMos missile-Export potential Introduction India and the Philippines signed the “Implementing Arrangement” for “procurement of defence material and equipment procurement”. This agreement lays the groundwork for sales of defence systems such as the highly anticipated export of the BrahMos cruise missile, through the government-to-government route. Features of the BrahMos cruise missile system Research and development of the BrahMos cruise missile sy

Data on Indian Defence

Brahmos is the first supersonic cruise missile to enter service.Capable of attaining a speed ofMach 2.8 (almost three times thespeed of sound), it has a range of atleast 290 km (a new version canreach up to 400km). Travelling with such velocitymeans that it would be difficult forair defence systems utilising surfacetoair missiles to intercept theBrahMos while making it easier for it to target and neutralise advanced fighter jets such as the Chinese J20 fighter aircraft moving at less than M

Defence Spending in India

Defence Spending in India Despite the huge countries due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, global military spending in 2020 was the highest in at least 22 years, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. The world's military expenditure stood at $1,981 billion in 2020. The five biggest spenders, which accounted for 62% of global military expenditure in 2020, were the U.S, China, India, Russia, and the U.K. India's military expenditure as a share of the GDP and

Lightweight anti-tank missile tested by DRDO

The lightweight anti-tank missile tested by DRDO What is Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile? The MPATGM is a third-generation anti tank guided missile (ATGM), which has been developed by DRDO in partnership with Indian defence contractor VEM Technologies Ltd. Fitted with a high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead, the MPATGM boasts a top attack capability and has a maximum engagement range of about 2.5 kilometres.. Design and development of the MPATGM we

China’s New High-Tech Aircraft Carrier: Fujian

China’s New High-Tech Aircraft Carrier: Fujian China demonstrated its first indigenous aircraft carrier, the new-generation Fujian. China now has the second-largest fleet of aircraft carriers after the U.S. About Fujian Fujian has been named after China’s eastern coastal province which lies across from Taiwan. Fujian joins two other aircraft carriers currently operated by China — Shandong which is Type 001, commissioned in the year 2019, and the L


DUNAGIRI- PROJECT 17A FRIGATE Defense Minister Rajnath Singh launched Y- 3023 Dunagiri, Project 17A Frigate built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders Limited (GRSE) in Kolkata on July 15, 2022. About Dunagiri, Project 17A Frigate Named after a mountain range in the state of Uttarakhand, Dunagiri is the fourth ship of P17A Frigates.  Dunagiri P17A Frigates are a follow-on class of the P17 (Shivalik Class) Frigates with improved stealth features with advanced weapons and sensors a


INDIAN SUBMARINE STATUS AFTER NAVY DECOMMISSIONS SINDHUDHVAJ The Navy Kilo Class Submarine INS Sindhudhvaj was decommissioned from service at Visakhapatnam after 35 years in service, the navy now has 15 conventional submarines in service. About Sindhudhvaj Commissioned into the navy in June 1987, Sindhudhvaj was one of the 10-kilo Class Submarines that India acquired from Russia between 1986 and 2000. The Sindhughosh submarines, designated as 877EKM, were designed as part of Proje


TEJAS JET FOR DELIVERY Malaysia has been promised 18 Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) "Tejas" from the Indian government. The single-engine jet also piqued the interest of Argentina, Australia, Egypt, the United States, Indonesia, and the Philippines. For 83 of the locally made Tejas planes, the Indian government awarded a USD6 billion contract to state-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Limited in 2021, with deliveries beginning in roughly 2023. What is Tejas Aircraft? &nb

Butterfly Mine

Butterfly Mine The contentious "Butterfly Mine," an anti-personnel mine that is meant to prevent free movement of the soldiers along the enemy line, is said to have been used by Russia in the ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine. About               Anti-personnel landmines with the designations PFM-1 and PFM-1S are sometimes known as "Butterfly mines" or "Green Parrots." Thes

Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS)

Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS) An indigenously created howitzer called ATAG took part in a 21-gun salute on July 4 at the Red Fort. About the ATAGS An indigenous 155 mm x 52 calibre howitzer gun is called the ATAGS. The name "howitzers" refers to a group of long-range artillery guns. The Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE), a unit of the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) with a location in Pune, is the key agency fo

Dornier Maritime Surveillance Aircraft

Dornier Maritime Surveillance Aircraft In an effort to strengthen their bilateral defence cooperation, India recently gave the Sri Lankan Navy a Dornier maritime surveillance aircraft. About Dornier aircraft Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, a state-run aerospace company, is the manufacturer (HAL). Capabilities A short takeoff and landing aircraft is the Dornier 228 maritime patrol aircraft (STOL). The Indian Navy has been using this multipurpose light transport aircraft sin

Alpha Ship: INS Vikrant

Alpha Ship: INS Vikrant The first indigenous aircraft carrier built in India INS VIKRANT will soon join the fleet. By adopting the name, crest, and pennant number (R11) of India's first aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, it will join the navy force. About INS VIKRANT Beginning in 2007, the project continued until the keel was laid in 2009. The 262-meter-long ship can sail at a top speed of 28 knots and has a full displacement of roughly 45,000 tonnes. It is powered by four g

F/A 18 Super Hornet Fighter Jets  

F/A 18 Super Hornet Fighter Jets   Before India's first indigenous aircraft carrier (IAC) Vikrant is put into service, US aviation giant Boeing has suggested that the Indian Navy select the F/A 18 Super Hornet fighter plane. Key Features of F/A 18 The F/A-18 Super Hornet Block III is the most cutting-edge, battle-tested, multi-role frontline naval fighter in the world, offering special and differentiating capabilities as well as full compatibility with Indian Navy

Chinook Helicopters

Chinook Helicopters Chinook helicopters built by Boeing have recently come under scrutiny due to problems with engine fires. Image Source - Boeing.co.in About Boeing CH-47 Chinook A heavy-lifting, twin-engine helicopter with tandem rotors. Created by the American rotorcraft manufacturer Vertol and produced by Boeing Vertol (later known as Boeing Rotorcraft Systems). High Capacity: Each Chinook helicopter can transport up to 9.6 tonnes of cargo. Disaster management: The h

Project 17A and INS Taragiri

Project 17A and INS Taragiri The third stealth frigate of Project 17A, Taragiri, was recently launched by the Ministry of Defence-affiliated Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd (MDL). Image Source - News18 Project 17A The Indian Navy initiated Project 17 Alpha frigates (P-17A) in 2019 to build a number of stealth guided-missile frigates. Two businesses, Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders (MDL) and Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers, are currently building these (GRSE). These guide

INS Arihant

INS Arihant Recently, INS Arihant carried out a successful launch of a Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM). About India’s nuclear programme In 1998, India conducted nuclear tests under Pokhran-II. In 2003, India declared its nuclear doctrine based on the No First Use policy while reserving the right of massive retaliation if struck with nuclear weapons first. The Agni series of missiles constitute the backbone of India’s nuclear weapons delivery, whic

Heli-India Summit 2022

Heli-India Summit 2022 In the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir, the Minister of Civil Aviation recently launched the 4th Heli-India Summit 2022. Theme: Helicopters for Last Mile Connectivity. What are the Summit's Highlights? When announcing the accomplishments in the civil aviation sector, it was mentioned that from 1947 to 2014, the nation had only 74 airports; today, it has 141, with 67 of those being added in the last seven years. The current port in Srinag

C-295 Aircraft

C-295 Aircraft The C-295 transport aircraft production plant, which will be built in Vadodara by Airbus Defence and Space S.A., Spain, and Tata Advanced Systems Limited (TASL), recently had its foundation stone placed . This is the first time a complete aircraft will be produced in the nation by a private enterprise. About The C-295 MW transporter : The C-295 is a technologically advanced, 5–10-ton transport aircraft. It is a capable tactical transport aircraft t

Scramjet Engine

Scramjet Engine The Hot Test of the Scramjet Engine was just successfully completed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). What is Scramjet Engine? A scramjet, also known as a supersonic-combustion ramjet, is a type of ramjet engine where the airflow remains supersonic, or faster than the speed of sound. A scramjet lacks a shock cone and instead slows the airflow utilising shockwaves generated by its ignition source. As a result, the scramjet can run efficiently at

VSHORAD Missile System

VSHORAD Missile System Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) was granted by the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) to acquire the Very Short Range Air Defence System VSHORAD (IR Homing) missile system. About  the VSHORAD missile system: The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) designed and produced it, along with other weapon systems for the Army and Navy, at a cost of Rs 4,276 crore. Since 2018, India has been in talks with Russia to purchase Igla-S air d

Kalashnikov AK-203 Assault Rifles

Kalashnikov AK-203 Assault Rifles In recent times, an Indo-Russian joint venture in India has begun producing Kalashnikov AK-203 assault guns. About AK-203 Assault Rifles: The AK-200 series assault rifles of the renowned brand were first produced in India. The first batch of 7.62 mm Kalashnikov AK-203 assault rifles was created at the Korwa Ordnance Factory in Amethi, Uttar Pradesh. Out of a total of 6,01,427 AK-203 rifles to be produced over a 10-year period for Rs 5,1

IL-38 Aircraft

IL-38 Aircraft Indian Navy's IL-38 Aircraft will take part in the 74th Republic Day celebrations at the Kartavya Path for the first time and perhaps the last time. It will be among the 50 aircraft including 9 Rafales of the Indian Air Force- will take part in the event. What is an IL-38 Aircraft? IL-38 is a maritime reconnaissance aircraft that was commissioned into the Indian Navy in 1977 and remained a formidable air asset throughout its service life for nearly 44 ye

INS Vagir

INS Vagir Recently, the fifth diesel-electric Kalvari-class submarine Vagir was commissioned by the Indian Navy. Major Points: The submarine, also called Sand Shark, was handed off to the Indian Navy in December 2022. Vagir is one of the six submarines in the project 75-developed Kalvari class. The submarines of the Kalvari class are capable of engaging in a variety of naval warfare situations, such as minelaying, anti-warship and anti-submarine operations, and information co

M1 Abrams & Leopard 2 tanks

M1 Abrams & Leopard 2 tanks About M1 Abrams: The US President recently declared that he would dispatch M1 Abrams tanks to Ukraine. The M1 is the best tank in the world because it combines four essential characteristics: more mobility to reach targets and avoid attacks better controllers and sensors to find and attack targets more firepower to obliterate targets superior defences to fend off attacks. Naming: The M1 Abrams is named in honour of the late Gen

Light Combat Aircraft Tejas Mk2 (LCA MK2)

Light Combat Aircraft Tejas Mk2 (LCA MK2) The Indian Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas Mk2 would incorporate heavy standoff weaponry like SCALP, an air-to-ground, long-range deep strike missile. The LCA Mk2 will be able to incorporate unique armaments from many nations, unlike other aircraft. About LCA Tejas Mk2: An Indian fighter jet known as the Indigenous LCATejas Mk2 is capable of carrying eight Beyond-Visual-Range (BVR) missiles at once in addition to incorporating both m

Emerging Technologies in Defence

Emerging technologies like artificial intelligence, cyber technology, etc. are vital for Indian military and defence organisations. What is emerging technology? Emerging technologies - It refers to innovative advancements or developments that have the potential to significantly change the way we live and work. These technologies arise from cutting-edge research and offer new opportunities for industries, economies, and societies. What steps were taken to use emerging tec

IL-38 Sea Dragon

The Ilyushin-38 Sea Dragon was recently decommissioned at INS Hansa, Dabolim in Goa. The IL-38 Sea Dragon is a long-range maritime patrol aircraft that was commissioned into the Indian Navy in 1977.

Kavro Doma 360

It is the world-1st rifle protection ballistic helmet, indigenously developed by Kanpur-based MKU Limited. It offers uniform protection in all 5 zones of the head against threats like the AK-47 MSC, M80 NATO BALL, and M193 rifle bullets. ‘Back Face Signature’ is a way to measure how much a protective helmet deforms or indents on the inside due to the impact of a high energy bullet.

INS Sumedha

The Indian Navy completes 2nd anti-piracy patrol in the Gulf of Guinea in Atlantic Ocean with the Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) INS Sumedha recently. INS Sumedha is the 3rd of the indigenously developed Naval OPV of Saryu class. It was built by Goa Shipyard Limited and commissioned on 2014. It took part in the recently conducted Operation Kaveri for evacuation of Indian diaspora from war hit Sudan recently.

MQ-9B Predator drone

India is looking at sealing a landmark deal to procure 31 MQ-9B Predator armed drones from the U.S. under a government-to-government framework by March next year. The General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper (sometimes called Predator B) is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV, one component of an unmanned aircraft system (UAS)). It is capable of remotely controlled or autonomous flight operations, developed by General Atomics Aeronautical Systems (GA-ASI), U.S.

Barracuda boat

India’s fastest solar-electric boat Barracuda sets sail for sustainable future. The solar-electric boat is named after the swift, long fish, Barracuda. The boat can be deployed even in the rough seas as a workboat to ferry up to 12 passengers and cargo. Engineered to navigate through waves towering up to 4 metres, the Barracuda excels in challenging marine environments. The boat offers a noise-free, vibration-free, and pollution-free journey. The 14-metre-long, 4.4-metre-wide

Astrashakti 2023

India demonstrated the firepower of the indigenous Akash missile system during the recent exercise ‘Astrashakti 2023’. Astrashakti - It literally means power of weapons. It is an air force exercise that held at Suryalanka Air Force Station in Andhra Pradesh. Aim – To serves as a platform to showcase the advanced capabilities of indigenous weapon systems. To underscore India's commitment to exporting its home-grown weapon s

Flying Wing Technology Demonstrator

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully carried out a flight trial of Autonomous Flying Wing Technology Demonstrator recently. Flying Wing Technology Demonstrator is an indigenous high-speed flying-wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV).


01 Feb,2024

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