UPSC Courses

Gaia Hypothesis

Gaia Hypothesis Recently, James Lovelock, the creator of the Gaia hypothesis died on his 103rd birthday. What is Gaia's hypothesis? It is named after the ancient Greek goddess of Earth. It is an interaction between living organisms on the Earth with their inorganic surroundings forming a complex, self-regulating and synergistic system that helps to perpetuate and maintain optimum conditions for life on the planet.  It posits that life on Earth is a self-regulating commun

GI Tag to White Onion

GI Tag to White Onion Alibag’s white onion gets GI tagged, to benefit farmers as white onion will get the premium price. About white onion With its picturesque beaches, Alibag, in the Raigad district of Maharashtra, is one of the popular tourist spots. This historic place will now be recognized for Geographical Indication (GI) tagged white onion. The GI for this onion, characterized by its sweetness, has been accepted. The GI tag gives a unique identity to the white


FIRST ASIAN RECORD OF LIGHT MANTLED ALBATROSS Asia’s first sighting of the Light Mantled Albatross, a species native to the Antarctic has been spotted on the Rameswaram coast. The researchers feel a change in atmospheric pressure could have been among the reason for the albatross to land on an Indian shore. About Albatross They have nasal tubes on the upper bill called naricorns, though with albatrosses these are on the sides of the upper mandible rather than the top.

Modhera Sun Temple

Modhera Sun Temple The Ahmedabad Railway Station at Kalupur in Ahmedabad City will be developed on the theme of Modhera Sun Temple in the next five years. About Modhera Sun Temple Modhera Sun Temple is located in Mehsana, neighbouring Ahmedabad district. Built-in the 11th century during the reign of Bhima I of the Chalukya dynasty in honour of the Sun God, it is one of the major tourist destinations in North Gujarat. Situated on the banks of Pushpavati River. It is sur


MONARCH BUTTERFLIES The migratory monarch butterflies have been declared endangered in the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List of threatened species. About monarch butterflies It's a sub-species of the Danaus Plexippus butterfly that travels around 4,000 kilometkilometers in America. It is the most recognizable butterfly species that are essential pollinators and further provides various ecosystem services such as maintaining the global fo

Maharaja Serfoji II

Maharaja Serfoji II The exquisite 19th-century stolen painting of Maharaja Serfoji II has been traced to a United State Museum. About Maharaja Serfoji II Serfoji was born on 24th September 1777. He was adopted on 22-1-1787 by King Tulaja II. Serfoji II became the Rajah of Thanjavur on 30th June 1798. Serfoji was the last of the Bhonsle Rajas of Thanjavur. He patronized music, dance, and the fine arts. He started a school and gave free boarding and lodging facilities. He also


Aneurysm Actor Emilia Clarke, who appeared in the Game of Thrones, has revealed her struggle with a brain aneurysm that caused the loss of "quite a bit" of the organ. What s is an Aneurysm?? It is the swelling of the arteries and veins in any part of the body and is caused by the weakening of the walls. It occurs most commonly in the aorta, back of the knees, brain, or intestines. An aneurysm often looks like a berry hanging on a stem. If the aneurysm gets ruptured, it


Shrinkflation Companies employ ‘shrinkflation’ as  Inflation that continues to impact the buying power of consumers. About Shrinkflation: It refers to the tampering with a product while maintaining retail price It is when a product downsizes its quantity while keeping the price the same. For example, reducing the scoops of ice cream in a container or reducing the number of chips in a packet would count as shrinkflation. Cause: It occurs when mater


MISSION BUNIYAD The Government of Delhi has said that under Mission Buniyaad, held between April and June, students of government and Municipal Corporation of Delhi schools have shown 20%-30% improvement in literacy and numeracy skills. The government is also planning to expand the scheme. About Mission Buniyaad The mission, originally launched in 2018, had an aim to ensure that students of classes 3 to 8 studying in government or MCD schools were able to fluently read let


ASIATIC BLACK BEAR Scientists from the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, and the Himachal Pradesh Forest department have calculated the density and the population of Asiatic black bears in two Protected Areas of Himachal Pradesh. About black bears Scientists have calculated the population density of the bears for Darangati Wildlife Sanctuary and Rupi Bhaba. The asiatic black bear is also called the Himalayan bear, Tibetan bear, or moon bear. They are members of the bear fa


BONALU FESTIVAL It is an annual festival celebrated in the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad, and also in a few parts of Telangana. About the Festival The festival is mainly dedicated to Goddess Mahakali, as per belief, a ferocious avatar of Goddess Durga. The word “Bonam” which signifies a meal or a feast in Telugu. During this, the devotees offer rice cooked with milk and jaggery in an earthen pot, which is decorated with neem leaves, turmeric, and verm


BHIL TRIBES  Bhil tribes in Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh set an example through ‘Jeevan Shala’ which is established and has been running several schools in central India’s tribal areas for 30 years, despite the government opposition. About Bhil Tribe The word Bhil is derived from “Veel”, which means “bow” in the Dravidian language. The Bhil tribe is called “Dhanush Purush of India” because they are highly adept


NATIONAL EMBLEM A first glimpse of the national emblem at the top of new parliament housing coming under up as part of the Central Vista project has been unveiled by the Prime Minister. About national emblem The State emblem of India is the National Emblem of the Republic of India and is used by the Union Government, State Government, and other various government agencies. The state emblem is an adaptation from the Sarnath lion capital of the Mauryan emperor Ashoka. Four Asi


GLOBAL LIVEABILITY INDEX 2022 European Intelligence Unit has released the Global Liveability Index 2022. About Index It ranked 173 cities based on their liveability or living conditions. The ranking is determined by five broad factors — stability, healthcare, culture and environment, education, and infrastructure. While ranking the highest weightage is given to stability and culture and environment (25% each) followed by healthcare and infrastructure with 20% each and educ


DUNAGIRI- PROJECT 17A FRIGATE Defense Minister Rajnath Singh launched Y- 3023 Dunagiri, Project 17A Frigate built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders Limited (GRSE) in Kolkata on July 15, 2022. About Dunagiri, Project 17A Frigate Named after a mountain range in the state of Uttarakhand, Dunagiri is the fourth ship of P17A Frigates.  Dunagiri P17A Frigates are a follow-on class of the P17 (Shivalik Class) Frigates with improved stealth features with advanced weapons and sensors a


JAMES WEBB SPACE TELESCOPE  NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has delivered the deepest and sharpest infrared image of the distant universe so far. Webb’s First Deep Field of view is galaxy cluster SMACS 0723 and it is teeming with thousands of galaxies – including the faintest objects ever observed in the infrared. About James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) About: It is the world's premier space science observatory. It will solve the


KERALA REPORTS INDIA FIRST MOKEYPOX CASE The first confirmed case of monkeypox in India has been reported in a 35-year-old man in Kerala, who reached the state capital three days ago from the UAE. The who has reported that from January 1 to June 22 a total of 3,413 laboratory-confirmed monkeypox cases and one death have been reported to it from 50 countries and territories. A huge number of the cases have been reported from the European region (86%) and America (11%) About Monkeypox


HPV VACCINE The HPV vaccine, Cervavac is a vaccine that can prevent cervical cancer, one of the leading of female cancer mortality worldwide.  It is indigenously developed by the Serum Institute of India. The vaccine has acquired market authorization from the Drugs Controller General of India. It is India's first Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus Vaccination (qHPV) designed to protect women from cervical cancer. Cervical Cancer Cervical cancer is a prevalent


APPROVED FUEL FOR NCR: CAQM  Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM) has directed National Capital Region (NCR) states to adopt a standard list of approved fuels to reduce air pollution. The standard list of fuels approved by the CAQM includes petrol, diesel, hydrogen, methane, natural gas, Liquified Petroleum Gas, and electricity. The majority of industries shifted to cleaner fuels such as PNG (Piped Natural gas) and biomass and many other industrial sectors such as foo

Red Panda

RED PANDA An ambitious program has been started by the Padmaja Naidu Himalayan zoological park to release 20 Red Pandas in about five years to the forest. About Red Panda In the world, there are only two different panda species the Giant pandas and the Red pandas. The red panda is the state animal of Sikkim. India is the home to both subspecies of Panda which is the Himalayan red panda and the Chinese red panda, both found in the forest of India, Nepal, Bhutan, and th


STATUE OF PEACE OF SWAMY RAMANUJACHARYA Home Minister, Amit Shah virtually unveiled the Statue of Peace of Swamy Ramanujacharya in Srinagar, located in the temple in the Sonwar region. About Swamy Ramanujacharya He is also known as Ramanuja and is considered to be a great thinker, philosopher, and social reformer. He is a south Indian Brahmin born in 1017 in Sriperumbudur in Tamil Nadu. He travelled across India, spreading equality and social justice. He Brought the&nb

Marburg Disease

Marburg Disease Ghana has reported its first-ever suspected cases of Marburg virus disease. About Marburg Disease It’s a highly infectious viral hemorrhagic fever with a fatality ratio of up to 88 percent and belongs to the same family as Ebola. The disease was first identified in the year 1967 in Germany’s Marburg, Frankfurt, and Serbia’s Belgrade following two large outbreaks.  Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, South Africa, and

 Neeraj Chopra Sets New Javelin Throw National Record

 Neeraj Chopra Sets New Javelin Throw National Record Of 89.94m With a throw of 89.94m at the Diamond League, Neeraj Chopra (24 years) broke his own national record of 89.30m that he set at the Paavo Nurmi Games in Turku earlier this month. He finishes second just behind the World champion and season leader Anderson Peters of Grenada who won the competition with a best throw of 90.31m which he came up with in this third attempt. Niraj Chopra became the second Indian to finish in


FIELD MEDEL 2022 Recently, Ukrainian mathematician Maryna Viazovska along with the other three mathematicians received the prestigious Fields Medals.                 Fields medal is often described as the Nobel Prize in Mathematics. What are the Key Highlights of the Field Medal? The Fields Medal is awarded every four years to one or more mathematicians under the age of forty year Fields medal is awa


NAIROBI FLIES Recently, after coming into contact with Nairobi flies, approximately 100 students of an engineering college in East Sikkim have reported skin infections. What are Nairobi Flies? It's a species of insect native to East Africa. Nairobi flies, also known as Kenyan flies or dragon bugs, are small, beetle-like insects that belong to two species: Paederus Eximius. Paederus sabaeus.   They are orange and black in color and live in areas with high


DR. SHYAMA PRASAD MUKHERJEE Union home minister paid tribute to Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee on his birth anniversary. He was an Indian politician, barrister, and academician who served as the Minister for Industry and Supply in Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet He was born on 6th July 1901 in a Bengali Brahmin family in Calcutta. He demanded the partition of Bengal in the year 1946 to prevent the inclusion of its Hindu majority area in a Muslim-dominated East Pakistan. At the

China’s New High-Tech Aircraft Carrier: Fujian

China’s New High-Tech Aircraft Carrier: Fujian China demonstrated its first indigenous aircraft carrier, the new-generation Fujian. China now has the second-largest fleet of aircraft carriers after the U.S. About Fujian Fujian has been named after China’s eastern coastal province which lies across from Taiwan. Fujian joins two other aircraft carriers currently operated by China — Shandong which is Type 001, commissioned in the year 2019, and the L


MANIPURI DANCE It is an ancient classical dance that originated in the Northeast state of Manipur. The earliest form of dance in Manipur is Lai Haraoba which forms the basis of all dances. Lai haraoba is a festival that means the merry-making of God. It has roots in Manipur’s pre-Vaishnava era. The central theme of the dance is the love story of Krishna and Radha. The Manipuri culture is a combination of both Indian and South-Eastern cultures. The chief instrumen


SATINDER LAMBAH PASSES AWAY AT 81 Satinder k. Lambha who passed away in New Delhi at the age of 81 was a great Indian diplomat. He carried a legacy of special relationships with each country he served in but the most important was his engagement with Pakistan which lasted the longest and saw the biggest breakthrough when he was Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's special envoy (2005-2014). Mr.Lambha was born in Peshawar in 1941and he served in the Indian Foreign Service as India D


RAMPA REBELLION Prime Minister left for Andhra Pradesh's Bhimavaram to attend the 125th birth anniversary celebrations of freedom fighter Alluri Sitarama Raju. About Alluri Sitarama Raju Born on July 4 in the year 1897, Alluri Sitarama Raju is remembered for his fight against the British administration to safeguard the interests of the tribal communities in the Eastern Ghats region. In the year 1922, Indian revolutionary Alluri Sitaram Raju with more than 500 tribal people


FINANCIAL SERVICES INSTITUTION BUREAU The Central government has transformed the Banks Board Bureau (BBB) into the Financial Services Institutions Bureau (FSIB) by making a few amendments. The new framework was proposed by the Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance. In 2016, the Prime Minister has approved the constitution of the Banks Board Bureau (BBB) as a recruiter for whole-time directors and non-executive chairpersons of state-owned banks and financial institutions

VK Paul Taskforce on MonkeyPox

VK Paul Taskforce on MonkeyPox The Union government has formed a task force headed by Dr. VK Paul, a member of NITI Aayog in the wake of rising Monkeypox cases in India. About Monkeypox: Monkeypox is a zoonotic disease caused by the monkeypox virus, which belongs to the same family of viruses that causes smallpox. Occurrence of Disease: The infection was first discovered in the year 1958 The first human case was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (


JAGANNATH RATH YATRA The Greatest festival of the Supreme Lord Jagannath’s Rath Yatra is celebrated every year but for the last 2 years, the devotee's participation was barred due to the pandemic. The annual Lord Jagannath rath yatra begins from the Jagannath temple, Puri. The festival is celebrated on the second day of Shukla Paksha of Ashadh which is the third month, according to the traditional Oriya calendar. The Rath Yatra is 9 day-long event during which the th


LEPROSY There has been an acute shortage of the essential drug named Clofazimine in the private market which is used for the treatment of leprosy. Clofazimine along with Rifampicin and Dapsone is one of the three essential drugs in the multi-drug treatment of Multibacillary Leprosy About leprosy It is a chronic, progressive bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. It mainly affects the nerves of the extremities, the skin, the lining of the nose

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