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UPSC Courses

National Statistics Day

National Statistics Day This year, the Statistics Day (29th June) will be celebrated virtually, in view of the travel and safety advisories on account of the global Covid-19 pandemic. Imp Points Every year, the Statistics Day is celebrated on 29th June, the birth anniversary of Prof. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, to recognise his invaluable contribution in establishing the National Statistical System. Aim To popularise the

Gynandromorphism

Gynandromorphism Recently, a rare biological phenomenon i.e. Gynandromorphism has been spotted in a dragonfly, the Scarlet Skimmer (Crocothemis servilia), which is found in the Kole wetlands, Kerala. The dragonfly had both male and female characteristics. ImpPoints Gynandromorphism is a characteristic of an organism that contains both male and female tissues and characteristics. Such organisms are also called gynandromorphs. The term is

China Study Group (CSG)

China Study Group (CSG) CSG is a government body in which cabinet secretary and secretaries of Home, external affairs, Defence and representatives of the Army are members. In the wake of heightened road and track construction work undertaken by China along India’s Northern and Eastern frontiers in 1997, India constituted a China Study Group (CSG) to study the requirement of road communication along the China border for brisk movement of troops in case of any aggression. The idea w

Gyanandromorphism

Rare biological phenomenon in dragonflies sighted at Kole wetlands When Renjith R.V and Vivek Chandran spotted a peculiar dragonfly, the Scarlet Skimmer (Crocothemis servilia), in the Puzhakkal area of the Kole wetlands in Thrissur last year, little did they know that they were documenting a very rare biological phenomenon. The male dragonflies typically have prominent blood red colouraton in almost all their body parts, including the head, thorax, abdomen and legs, and the female is a p

Kharayelakh river

Kharayelakh river It is located near the Arctic at Norlisk(Russia)

Statistics Day

“Statistics Day” to be celebrated on 29th June, 2020   Theme: SDG- 3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages) & SDG- 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls) The Government has been celebrating the Statistics Day, to popularise the use of Statistics in everyday life and sensitise the public as to how Statistics helps in shaping and framing policies. It has been designated as one of the Special Days to be celebrated a

Kala- azar Disease

Kala- azar Disease Recently, a team of researchers from the National Centre for Cell Science (NCCS), Pune have found new biomolecules to fight drug resistance in Kala- azar (visceral leishmaniasis). NCCS is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India. It was established to facilitate cell biology research in the country. Leishmaniasis It is a neglected tropical disease affecting almost 100 countries including India.

National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research- Coccolithophores

National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research- Coccolithophores Recently, the National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) has carried out the study of Coccolithophores (microscopic ancient marine algae) and found that there is a decrease in the concentration of oceanic calcium carbonate (CaCO3) in the southern Indian ocean. Key Points Coccolithophores are single-celled algae living in the upper layers of the world’s ocea

Shelling

Shelling Dolphins use the technique called as shelling to capture the tiny fishes into empty shells. This method of tool use has been learnt from their peer groups and not from their mothers. This shows how dolphins adopt to the changing environment. Freshwater Dolphins The four freshwater dolphins in the world are: The ‘Baiji’ now likely extinct from the Yangtze River in China, The ‘Bhulan’ of the Indus in Pakistan, and The ‘Boto’ of

Novel coronavirus infection might trigger type-1 diabetes

Novel coronavirus infection might trigger type-1 diabetes Diabetes poses one of the key risk factors for developing severe COVID-19, and chances of dying are elevated in people with diabetes. Now, there is growing evidence that novel coronavirus might actually be triggering diabetes in some people who have so far remained free of it. These patients typically develop type-1 diabetes. The virus seems to be causing diabetes spontaneously in people. Type-1 diabetes These patie

Indian Ocean Dipole- New phenomenon to emerge

  When the Indian Ocean’s ancient climate patterns return About 19,000-21,000 years ago, ice-sheets covered North America and Eurasia, and sea-levels were much lower, with Adam’s Bridge exposed so that the Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka were contiguous. This period, the peak of ice age conditions, is called the Last Glacial Maximum. Researchers analysed simulations of this past climate and predicted that the ongoing climate change could reawaken an ancient clim

Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary

Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary Why Eco Sensitive zone tag to Asola Wildlife sanctuary? The Asola wildlife sanctuary has both floral and faunal diversity in form of Wide variety of trees, shrubs, herbs and grasses. Large number of mammals, reptiles, amphibians, butterflies and dragonflies. Sanctuary comprises of Around 200 species of resident and migratory birds. Wildlife habitats inside the sanctuary act as water recharge zone for Delhi, Faridabad and Gurugram.   R

Sustainable Alternative towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT)

SATAT Scheme Sustainable Alternative towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT) scheme on Compressed Bio Gas was launched in 2018. It envisages targeting production of 15 MMT of CBG from 5000 plants by 2023. The Government of India has taken various enabling steps to ensure the success of the SATAT scheme. Oil Marketing Companies have offered long term pricing on CBG to make projects bankable and have agreed to execute long term agreements on CBG. Under SATAT scheme, IOT Biogas Limited (Nam

Supreme Court ruling- disqualification petitions

Supreme Court ruling- disqualification petitions In January 2020, a three-judge bench of the SC expressed its displeasure with the Speaker’s lack of urgency in deciding the disqualification petitions. It ruled that Speakers of assemblies and the Parliament must decide disqualification pleas within a period of 3 months. Extraordinary circumstances are exceptions to this. The ruling settled the law for situations where the timing of the disqualification is misused to manipulate fl

UN@75 Declaration

UN@75 Declaration Recently, a commemorative declaration marking the 75th anniversary of the signing of the United Nations (UN) Charter was delayed as member states could not reach an agreement on phraseology.   The Five Eyes (FVEY)— Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States— along with India, objected to the use of a phrase “shared vision of a common future”, which is associated with Chin

Amendments in Postal Ballot System

Amendments in Postal Ballot System Recently, the Law Ministry has reduced the age limit for senior citizens who opt for postal ballot in the Lok Sabha and Assembly elections. Imp Points Now, the voters aged above 65 years or a Covid-19 suspect can opt for postal ballot. Earlier, in 2019, the Law Ministry had amended the Conduct of Election Rules to allow persons with disabilities and those who are 80 years of age or above to opt for post

Torpedo Decoy System: Maareech

Torpedo Decoy System: Maareech The Indian Navy has inducted an Advanced Torpedo Defence System (ATDS) called ‘Maareech’ that is capable of being fired from all frontline ships. Torpedoes are self propelled weapons with a warhead and can be used under or on the water surface. They are one of the mainstay of sea-warfare attack systems. Description: ‘Maareech’ has been designed and developed indigenously by the Defence Research and D

World Drug Report,UNODC

Hardship may push people into making drugs for a living: UNODC The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), in its 2020 World Drug Report, has highlighted a wide range of possible consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on illegal drug production, supply and consumption. The report, released on Friday, expressed concern over the adverse impact of the economic hardship caused by the pandemic. This could lead to an increase in the number of people resorting to illicit activities

Anti-drug plan in 272 vulnerable districts

Centre rolls out anti-drug plan in 272 vulnerable districts An annual anti-drug action plan for 272 vulnerable districts was launched by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment on Friday, the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. The ‘Nasha Mukt Bharat’, or drug-free India campaign will focus not just on institutional support but also on community outreach programmes in the districts identified in coordination with the Narcotics Control Bureau,

World Economic Outlook

World Economic Outlook WEO is a survey by the IMF that is usually published twice a year in the months of April and October. It analyzes and predicts global economic developments during the near and medium term. In response to the growing demand for more frequent forecast updates, the WEO Update is published in January and July between the two main WEO publications released usually in April and October. WEO update has projected a sharp contraction of 4.5 % in FY21, a st

IN-SPACe - NSIL

IN-SPACe Union Government has given approval to Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe). It will be the nodal national entity under the Department of Space to drive building of satellites, rockets, or launch services through Indian industry. It will provide a level playing field for private companies to use Indian space infrastructure. It will also hand-hold, promote and guide the private industries in space activities through encouraging policies and a friendly re

Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund 

Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund  Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given its nod to set up a Rs.15,000 crore Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund. The fund had been proposed as part of the Aatmanirbhar Bharat. Eligible beneficiaries under the scheme include the following with a minimum 10% margin money contribution by them, Farmer producer organisations, MSMEs, Section 8 companies, Private companies and Individual entrepreneurs The

Co-operative Banks under RBI

Co-operative Banks under RBI Recently, the Central government approved an ordinance to bring all urban and multi-state co-operative banks under the direct supervision of the RBI (PT). The decision comes after several instances of fraud and serious financial irregularities, including the major scam at the Punjab and Maharashtra Co-operative (PMC) Bank in 2019. Till now, all the co-operative banks came under dual regulation of the RBI and the Registrar of Co-operative Societies. Previousl

Central Vista Project

Central Vista Project Central Vista Committee is chaired by Central Public Works Department (CPWD) additional director general (works) under Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. Central Vista proposal of the CPWD is to construct a triangular Parliament building in the 10.5-acre plot adjacent to the existing heritage structure built in the 1920s. The project is estimated to cost ?922 crore. It is a part of the larger revamp of the entire 3-km Central Vista from Rashtrapati Bhava

Atma Nirbhar Uttar Pradesh Rojgar Abhiyan

Atma Nirbhar Uttar Pradesh Rojgar Abhiyan COVID-19 pandemic has had an adverse impact on workforce in general and migrant workers in particular. A large number of migrant workers returned to several states. The challenge of containing Covid-19 was compounded by the need to provide basic amenities and means of livelihood to migrants and rural workers. In order to generate employment with thrust towards creating infrastructure in backward regions of the country Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abh

eBloodServices mobile App

eBloodServices mobile App Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare launched the ‘eBloodServices’ mobile App developed by The Indian Red Cross Society (ICRS), here today, through a video conferencing. The Union Health Minister is also the Chairman of Indian Red Cross Society. This application is developed by the E-Raktkosh team of Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC) under the Digital India scheme launched by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi in 2015.

KVIC launches Sandalwood and Bamboo plantation

KVIC launches Sandalwood and Bamboo plantation, a new initiative to spur monetization of its assets The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), in a first of its kind initiative has begun exploring the untapped but highly profitable venture of sandalwood and bamboo tree plantation for monetization of its assets. Seeking to encourage commercial plantation of sandalwood and bamboo, the KVIC has begun a drive with plantation of 500 saplings each of sandalwood and bamboo at its Nash

Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan

Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan Through this scheme, Union Government plans to provide employment to migrant workers and create rural infrastructure. The scheme will be launched through video-conferencing from village Telihar in Khagaria district of Bihar. Aim: The scheme will empower and provide livelihood opportunities to the returnee migrant workers and rural citizens who have returned to their home states due to the Covid-19 induced lockdown. This campaign will work in mission mode for 12

Cairn Circles

Cairn Circles A megalith is a large prehistoric stone that has been used to construct a structure or monument, either alone or together with other stones. Cairn-circles are the prehistoric stone row which is a linear arrangement of parallel megalithic standing stones. Recently, the State Department of Archaeology, Chennai has identified 250 cairn-circles from the Kodumanal excavation site in Tamil Nadu. This is for the first time that 10 pots and bowls were discovered from the site, in

PM SVANidhi

PM SVANidhi PM SVANidhi was launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, on June 01, 2020. Its objective is to provide affordable Working Capital loan to street vendors to resume their livelihoods that have been adversely affected due to Covid-19 lockdown. Under the Scheme, the vendors can avail a working capital loan of up to Rs. 10,000, which is repayable in monthly instalments in the tenure of one year. On timely/ early repayment of the loan, an interest subsidy @ 7% per annum

Gee’s Golden Langur

Gee’s Golden Langur Golden langurs can be most easily recognized by the colour of their fur, after which they are named. It has been noted that their fur changes colours according to the seasons as well as geography. The colour of the young also differs from adults in that they are almost pure white. They are highly dependent on trees, living in the upper canopy of forests, they are also known as leaf monkeys. It is endemic to western Assam, India, and southern Bhutan. Th

Horse Shoe Crab

Horse Shoe Crab Horse Shoe Crab is a marine chelicerate arthropod living in shallow coastal waters on soft sandy or muddy bottom and spawns (release or deposit eggs) mostly on intertidal beaches at summer spring high tides. They have existed since the time of the dinosaurs and are important ecosystem engineers and predators of small organisms. Their ecological function is to lay millions of eggs on beaches to feed shorebirds, fish and other wildlife. Their large hard shell serves as a

Product Application & Development Centre (PADC)

Product Application & Development Centre (PADC) Product Application & Development Centre (PADC) is setup by Indian Oil at Paradip, Odisha. PADC has been setup by IndianOil at Paradip with a capex of Rs 43 crores, adjacent to its Refinery and Petrochemicals complex. There are 4 laboratories in PADC namely Polymer Processing Lab, Analytical Testing Lab, Chemical Analysis Lab and Characterisation Lab. The Technical centre is equipped with 50 latest sophisticated polymer testing

Kumbhar Sashaktikaran Yojana  

Kumbhar Sashaktikaran Yojana   It is an initiative of the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) for empowerment of potter community in the remotest of locations in the country. The program reaches out to the potters in - U.P., M.P., Maharashtra, J&K, Haryana, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Assam, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Telangana and Bihar. It provides the following support - Training for advanced pottery products. Latest, new technology pottery equipment like

Rule of Law Index

Rule of Law Index It is released by the World Justice Project, an independent organisation.It is a quantitative assessment tool designed to offer a detailed and comprehensive picture of the extent to which countries adhere to the rule of law in practice. The World Justice Project defines the rule of law system as one in which the following four universal principles are upheld: The government and its officials and agents are accountable under the law. The laws are clear, publicized, st

Global Education Monitoring Report

Global Education Monitoring Report It is an editorially independent, authoritative and evidence-based annual report published by UNESCO. Formerly known as the Education for All Global Monitoring Report. Its mandate is to monitor progress towards the education targets in the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) framework. It has also developed the World Inequality Database on Education (WIDE) to draw attention to the extremely high levels of education inequality across countri

Assam: Ambubachi Mela - Kamakhya temple

Assam: Ambubachi Mela - Kamakhya temple The annual Ambubachi Mela at the historic Kamakhya temple in Guwahati began. This year, however, the fair is being observed without devotees as only rituals will be performed in the temple till June 25. Kamakhya temple located atop of Nilachal Hills is one of 51 Shakti Peeths in the country. The Ambubachi Mela, an annual fair held at Kamakhya temple, is the celebration of the annual menstruation course of goddess Maa Kamakhya. The mela usually st

Asian Development Outlook (ADO)

Asian Development Outlook (ADO) is report released by Asian Development Bank. The ADO analyses economic and development issues in developing countries in Asia. This includes forecasting the inflation and growth rates of countries throughout the region, including China and India. Highlights of the recent report are as follows According to report the Indian economy is expected to contract by 4% during the current financial year (2020-21). Earlier, in April 2020, ADB had projected India&

Krishi Vigyan Kendras

Krishi Vigyan Kendras It is an integral part of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS). It consists of scientists, technical staff, administration support staff and auxiliary staff. The first KVK was established in 1974 at Puducherry. KVKs also produce quality technological products (seed, planting material, bio-agents, and livestock) and make it available to farmers. The KVK scheme is 100% financed by the Government of India.

China’s Tariff Exemption to Bangladesh

China’s Tariff Exemption to Bangladesh Recently, China has announced tariff exemption for 97% of exports from Bangladesh. Bangladesh had requested China to exempt its export items from tariffs in the background of the economic hardship triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic. China considered Bangladesh's request and has granted the tariff exemption to Bangladesh on account of its Least Developed Countries (LDCs) status. The move will help Bangladesh to remove the economic impact of t

SATYABHAMA Portal

SATYABHAMA Portal Union Ministry of Mines has launched a portal "SATYABHAMA (Science and Technology Yojana for Atmanirbhar Bharat in Mining Advancement)". Its aim is to promote research and development in the mining and minerals sector. It has been launched to increase efficiency and effectiveness of the Science and Technology Programme Scheme. Under the Science and Technology Programme Scheme, the Ministry of Mines promotes research in applied geosciences, minera

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank with a mission to improve social and economic outcomes in Asia. Its HQ is in Beijing, China. It is established by a multrilateral treaty - AIIB Articles of Agreement. India joined AIIB in 2016 as a regional member of the Bank. Further, 14 of the G-20 nations are AIIB members including France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom. China is the largest shareholder in AI

Ashadhi Bij, the Kutchi New Year

Ashadhi Bij, the Kutchi New Year The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has greeted the people on the special occasion of Ashadhi Bij, the Kutchi New Year. It is on 23rd June

ULV sprayer through drones

ULV sprayer through drones To overcome the limitation of importing equipment, Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers’ Welfare (DAC&FW), under Make in India initiative, has taken up the challenge to indigenously develop a vehicle mounted ULV sprayer for locust control. What is ULV(Ultra-Low volume) sprayer?   Ultra-low volume application of pesticides has been defined as spraying at a Volume Application Rate (VAR) of less than 5 L/h

Minimum Support Price for Mature Dehusked Coconut

Government declares Minimum Support Price for Mature Dehusked Coconut Government of India has declared Minimum Support Price for mature dehusked coconut for the season 2020 at Rs. 2700/- per quintal, thus hiking the MSP by 5.02% from Rs. 2571/- per quintal during season 2019.  Homogeneous Development This decision has given utmost importance to the interests of farmers growing all kinds of crops throughout the country. The hike in the MSP for mature dehusked coconut fac

YUKTI 2.0

YUKTI 2.0 About YUKTI 1.0 Union Minister for HRD Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal “Nishank” has launched a web-portal YUKTI (Young India Combating COVID with Knowledge, Technology and Innovation) . It’s a unique portal and dashboard  to monitor and record the efforts and initiatives of MHRD. The portal intends to cover the different dimensions of COVID-19 challenges in a very holistic and comprehensive way. In the wake of COVID-19 threat, our primary aim is to keep o

International Comparison Program,2017

Purchasing Power Parities and the size of Indian Economy: Results from the 2017 International Comparison Program The World Bank has released new Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) for reference year 2017, under International Comparison Program (ICP), that adjust for differences in the cost of living across economies of the World. Globally 176 economies participated in 2017 cycle of ICP. International Comparison Program (ICP) The International Comparison Program (ICP) is the lar

NDRF

NDRF The NDRF was set up in accordance with Section 46 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005. It is meant to “meet the expenses for emergency response, relief and rehabilitation” for any threatening disaster situation. Although Section 46 includes a clause regarding grants made by any person or institution, provisions for such donations had not been made. Contribution to NDRF Recently the Supreme Court sought a response from the Centre to a plea that contributions made to

Decarbonising Transport project by NITI Aayog

Decarbonising Transport: International Project to Develop Pathway to Low-CO2 Mobility for India NITI Aayog in collaboration with International Transport Forum (ITF) will launch the “Decarbonising Transport in India” project on 24 June, with the intention to develop a pathway towards a low-carbon transport system for India. India has been a member of ITF, an intergovernmental organisation for transport policy, since 2008. The online event will inform transport and climate st

Foldscope could be a better alternative to clinical microscope

Foldscope could be a better alternative to clinical microscope Foldscope is an affordable origami-based microscopy device composed of a series of paper clippings. (Origami is the Japanese art of folding paper into decorative shapes and figures) Upon assembly, the device can hold a specimen slide for observation, and this specimen can be viewed via a mobile phone camera attached to it. Dr. Alka Rao‘s group at the Institute of Microbial Technology (IMTECH), Chandigarh, in co

Blazars

Study of optical properties of super-massive black-hole can provide clue to emission mechanism from its close vicinity Context Through 153 nights, 17 scientists from 9 countries in Europe and Asia including researchers from Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital, an autonomous institution of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India took 2263 image frames and observed the changes in a very high energy gamma-ray emitting blazar &l

Bum La Pass

Bum La Pass The Bum La Pass is a mountain pass located at the Indo-China border above 15,200 ft above sea level, it is about 37 km away from Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh. The road to Bum La is also a historical route, the People's Liberation Army of China invaded India during the 1962 Sino-Indian War. In 2006, Bumla pass was re-opened to traders for the first time in 44 years. Traders from both sides of the pass were permitted to enter each other's territories, in addition to postal

Sharavathi Monkey Park

Sharavathi Monkey Park Karnataka government has decided to develop a monkey park in Shivamogga district. The monkey park will be established on the uninhabited islands in the Sharavathi backwaters region. The park will be the first such in the state and will be set up on 100 acres of land at the Nagavalli forest in Hosanagara taluk, Shivamogga district. The proposed 100-acre monkey park will have fruit-bearing trees, water sources, and solar fence will be put up around the area to avoid mo

Indian Gaur

Indian Gaur The Indian Gaur or Bison (Bos gaurus) is the largest and the tallest in the family of wild cattle and is a grazing animal. It is categorized as vulnerable under IUCN Red List, and protected under Wild Life Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I. It is kept well and protected in some of the famous national parks of India like Nagarhole, Bandipur, Kabini and Masinagudi (Mudumalai). The destruction in the grasslands has led to the decline in availability of food for these animals.

Malabar Gliding Frog

Malabar Gliding Frog Recently, a rare amphibian, Malabar Gliding Frog (Rhacophorus malabaricus) was spotted in Pullad, Kerala. In the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List it is placed in the Least Concern category. The amphibian is endemic to the rainforest of western ghats. Endemic species are those plants and animals that exist only in one geographical region. It is a green frog with slender body, webbed feet, unusual body positions and very well camouflaged

Minks

Minks Minks are small semi-aquatic mammals raised for their fur. Mink oil is used in some medical products and cosmetics, as well as to treat, preserve and waterproof leather. There are two extant species referred to as "mink" - the American mink and the European mink. All European mink have a large white patch on their upper lip, whereas only some American mink have this marking, therefore, any mink without the patch is certainly of the American species.

Reverse Zoonosis

Reverse Zoonosis Zoonosis is an infectious disease caused by a pathogen that has jumped from an animal to a human. When the pathogen is transmitted from human to animals, it is known as reverse zoonosis. The animal infected through the process may in turn re-transmit the infection to humans under some circumstances. Recently novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has begun infecting minks farms in the Netherlands. It could largely have been transmitted through indirect routes such as through feed

National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP)

National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP) NIPFP is India’s premier economic think tank - a centre for research in public economics and policies, located in Delhi. It is an autonomous body set up jointly by the Ministry of Finance, the erstwhile Planning Commission, and several state governments. It was founded in 1976 and registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. It undertakes research, policy advocacy and capacity building in areas related to public

UNICEF Kid Power

UNICEF Kid Power UNICEF Kid Power is a philanthropic initiative that was launched in 2015 as a division of the US Fund for UNICEF. It marks UNICEF's first foray into the hardware space. UNICEF Kid Power, with the help of California-based technology firm Calorie Cloud and design studio Ammunition, developed the world's first "Wearable for Good" activity tracker called Kid Power Bands. These bands act as a kids’ fitness tracker bracelet that connects to a smar

SCHEME FOR VOLUNTARY CERTIFICATION OF YOGA PROFESSIONALS

SCHEME FOR VOLUNTARY CERTIFICATION OF YOGA PROFESSIONALS At the behest of the Hon'ble Prime Minister of India, a Scheme for Voluntary Certification of Yoga Professionals has been launched by Ministry of AYUSH to spread India’s traditional knowledge worldwide and to provide India's leadership in assuring quality of yoga practices across the World. The Ministry of AYUSH, in pursuance of the above and in the wake of declaration of International Day of Yoga, identified Quality

KVIC starts reviving ancient glory of Pokhran potteries

KVIC starts reviving ancient glory of Pokhran potteries Seeking to restore the lost glory of the once-most famous pottery of Pokhran, a small town in Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan where India conducted its 1st nuclear test, the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) today distributed 80 electric potter wheels to 80 potter families in Pokhran which has a rich heritage in terracotta products. Pokhran has over 300 potters’ families that are engaged with pottery for several

Kumbhar Sashaktikaran Program

Kumbhar Sashaktikaran Program Kumbhar Sashaktikaran Program is an initiative of the Khadi and Village Industries Commission(KVIC) for empowerment of potters community in the remotest of locations in the country. Target beneficiaries The program reaches out to the potters in : U.P., M.P., Maharashtra, J&K, Haryana, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Assam, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Odisha, Telangana and Bihar. Benefits provided Training for advanced pottery products Latest, new

Star Clusters

Study showing stars of varied ages can co-exist in open clusters, provides clue to stellar evolution in the Milky Way Galaxy Stars Stars in our Galaxy are formed from the molecular clouds present in the Galaxy. It is believed that the majority of stars in our Galaxy are formed in the star clusters making them important clues to understand the star formation mechanism. Open star clusters are a system of stars bound by gravity in which stars are born from the same molecular clouds.

Extreme Helium Stars (EHe)

Detection of ?uorine in hot Extreme Helium Stars solves their evolution mystery An extreme helium star or EHe is a low-mass supergiant that is almost devoid of hydrogen, the most common chemical element of the universe. There are 21 of them detected so far in our galaxy. Mystery of EHe resolved The origin and evolution of these Hydrogen deficient objects have been shrouded in mystery. Their severe chemical peculiarities challenge the theory of well-accepted stellar evolut

World Crocodile Day

World Crocodile Day World Crocodile Day is celebrated on 17th June. The day is a global awareness campaign to highlight the plight of endangered crocodiles and alligators around the world. Crocodile spices found in India includes  Mugger or Marsh Crocodile Estuarine or Saltwater Crocodile Gharial or River water Crocodile Human-crocodile conflict Hotspots in India includes Vadodara in Gujarat (in Vishwamitri river)   Kota in Rajasthan, Bhitarkanika in Odis

Nature Index 2020: Index of Scientific Research

Council of Scientific & Industrial Research It was established by the Government of India in September 1942 as an autonomous body. It comes under the Ministry of Science & Technology. It is known for its cutting edge research and development knowledge base in diverse science and technology areas. It has been ranked first in the Nature Ranking Index-2020. Nature Index 2020: Index of Scientific Research Recently, a journal of science i.e. the Nature Research, has re

Kithiganahalli lake

Kithiganahalli lake Bengaluru It is being highly polluted. NGT has imposed fine of Rs.10 lac on Karnataka government.

Automated lung ultrasound (LUS)

IIT-Palakkad develops ultrasound for COVID-19 screening The IIT, Palakkad, has developed an automated lung ultrasound (LUS) for COVID-19 screening and monitoring through cloud-based image analysis and scoring system. The app, the first of its kind in India, is now available for clinicians to perform automated analysis by just uploading the ultrasound video. Motivated by the promising results that showed the relevance and importance of LUS in COVID-19 patients, the IIT team conducte

Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan

Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan Context Prime Minister Narendra Modi today launched a massive employment -cum- rural public works Campaign named ‘Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan’ to empower and provide livelihood opportunities in areas/ villages witnessing large number of returnee migrant workers affected by the devastating COVID-19. Need for Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan The Abhiyaan was flagged off from village Telihar, Block Beldaur, district Khagaria, Bihar on June 2

Antibodies against coronavirus start to decrease in 2-3 months,

Antibodies against coronavirus start to decrease in 2-3 months, study finds Context A few countries, including the U.K., were toying with the idea of issuing some form of a certificate to people who have been infected with novel coronavirus and recovered subsequently, as such people were assumed to be resistant to reinfection. Study reveals Now, a study published in Nature Medicine suggests that antibodies formed against SARS-CoV-2 begin to decrease in number, just two-three

Water worlds

Water worlds Saturn’s moon Enceladus and Jupiter’s moon Europa are still interesting as candidates that may support life, because scientists have spotted water plumes bursting from their icy shells. NASA guesses that more than many exoplanets could be ‘water worlds’. This includes some members of the Trappist-1 system which is 40 light years away.

Mussaurus and Protoceratops-Dinosaurs

Mussaurus and Protoceratops These are the earliest dinosaurs. Their eggs are soft-shelled. The embryo-containing eggs were leathery on the outside rather than hard and calcified on outside.

Wild animals in urban clusters-COVID-19 lockdown

Wild animals in urban clusters Context During these days of lockdown across various parts of India, we see reports of ‘wild’ animals coming over to the cities, towns and urban clusters. In Uttarakhand, an elephant was reported to come down unusually near Hari ki Pauri in Haridwar. A leopard was sighted in Almora. In Karnataka, elephants, spotted deer and sambar deer had transgressed into towns, while in Maharashtra, people spotted scores of civet cats, mongooses and porcu

COVID19-Plasma therapy

Antibodies from convalescent plasma protect against COVID-19 A team of scientists led by Dennis R. Burton from the Scripps Research Institute has discovered that neutralising antibodies present in the blood of COVID-19 infected who have recovered offers powerful protection against novel coronavirus in animals. Role for antibodies The small animals that received high dose of antibodies did not lose weight and the amount of virus in the lungs was low compared with those that rece

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A struggle to co-exist with humans Today, the whopping 750 crore human population has made an impact on most flora and fauna. Taking into consideration this lack of abatement in human population growth, an international team of researchers observes how these ecological disruptions affect the life of ungulates (hoofed large mammals). The team notes that humans have brought about changes in the Himalayan realm – there is an increase in cashmere goats, and also, stray dogs have st

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Acharya Shri Mahapragyaji

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PM Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed between Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs and Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI), in order to engage SIDBI as the Implementation Agency for PM Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) - a Special Micro-Credit Facility for Street Vendors. SIDBI will implement the PM SVANidhi Scheme under the guidance of MoHUA. It will also manage the credit guarante

VTM kits

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Favipiravir drug for COVID-19

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Global Influenza Data Initiative (GISAID)

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Eurasian Group (EAG)

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PBC Complex

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CSIR-CDRI’s candidate drug Umifenovir secures DCGI approval for Phase III Clinical Trial against COVID-19 Context CSIR constituent lab CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute(CDRI) Lucknow, has received permission for carrying out Phase III randomised, Double blind, Placebo controlled trial of efficacy, safety and tolerability of antiviral drug Umifenovir. Umifenovir This drug has a good safety profile and acts by preventing entry of virus into human cells and also by pri

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An enterprise of DSIR, Ministry of Science and Technology, Govt. of India, NRDC Licenses NavRakshak PPE Suit Manufacturing Know-how to Five MSMEs Developed by Indian Navy National Research Development Corporation (NRDC) has licensed the manufacturing know-how of a PPE Suit being named as NavRakshak to five MSME to meet the ongoing country wide demand of quality PPE kits. These five manufacturers put together are planning to mass produce more than 10 million PPEs per year. The manufact

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Mobile Payments Market Report

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Mudumalai Tiger Reserve

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Wetlands International

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Senior Citizen’s Welfare Fund

Senior Citizen’s Welfare Fund Insurance regulator IRDA has asked all insurers to transfer the deposits of policyholders that have been laying unclaimed for over 10 years to the Senior citizen’s welfare fund. The corpus of the Senior Citizens Welfare Fund comprise of any credit balance in any of the accounts under the small savings like Post Office Saving Schemes, Banks, etc. remaining unclaimed for 7 years from date of declaration as an inoperative account. The nodal Ministry for

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Baghjan natural gas Blowout

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ICMR RECOMMENDS THE USE OF RAPID ANTIGEN TEST KIT

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Fit INDIA

Fit INDIA TO launch special films promoting 10 indigenous sports of India under Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat program Sports Ministry’s flagship programme Fit India is joining hands with the Department of School Education and Literacy, to launch a series of special films promoting 10 indigenous sports of India under the Ek Bharat, Shrestha Bharat initiative.  The series is aimed at creating awareness about not just the indigenous games but also the culture and heritage of the s

Dexamethasone

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National Productivity Day

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INS Chakra Russian authorities have demanded over $20 million for rectifying the damage suffered by nuclear submarine INS Chakra. INS Chakra is a Russia-made, nuclear-propelled, hunter-killer akula class submarine. INS Chakra is one of the quietest nuclear submarines around, with noise levels next to zero. INS Chakra has been taken on lease from Russia for 10 years and would provide the Navy the opportunity to train personnel and operate such nuclear-powered vessels. The INS Chakra joined

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Changing the definition of MSME

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Panel on Crypto currency

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Microsoft HoloLens-Augmented Reality

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e-Office

e-Office Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) launched the e-Office application in over 500 CGST and Customs offices across India here today. Over 50,000 officers and staff will use this application making CBIC one of the largest Government departments to automate its internal office procedures. The launch of e-Office marks a fundamental change in internal office procedures which is so far based on manual handling of files and paper movement. The CBIC expects e-Office

Indian Gas Exchange (IGX)

Indian Gas Exchange (IGX) Context Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas & Steel Shri Dharmendra Pradhan launched the Indian Gas Exchange (IGX), first nationwide online delivery-based gas trading platform, in an e-ceremony today.  About Indian Gas Exchange (IGX) IGX will be a delivery-based trading platform for delivery of natural Gas.  Incorporated as a wholly owned subsidiary of the IEX - India’s energy market platform, IGX will enable market particip

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Operation Cactus

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Railway development Authority

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International Yoga day to be celebrated through digital platform this time

International Yoga day to be celebrated through digital platform this time In view of the COVID-19 pandemic, this year's International Yoga Day on 21st of June, will be celebrated on digital media platforms and there would be no mass gatherings. This year's theme is  'Yoga at Home and Yoga with Family'. Ministry of Ayush has also appealed to the people to join the world for the Yoga performance on the occasion of 6th International Day of Yoga on 21st June at 7:00 AM &n

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Baby Dragons 2 rare aquatic creatures officially called proteus or olms,  also known as baby dragons, are going on display in aquarium at Slovenia’s Postojna Cave. The Olms have pale pink skin, no eyesight, a long thin body and 4 legs. They live only in the waters of dark caves of the Southern European Karst region.

National Adaptation fund for climate change

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Vadnagar Gujarat and the Centre are jointly developing the historical and ancient town of Vadnagar as a major tourist hub. The projects cover Vadnagar’s famous Kirti Toran, Sharmishtha lake, Hatkeshwar Temple and archaeological sites. The town full is of sites that are related to Hinduism and Buddhism. The famous Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang has visited the place around AD 640 and referred to it as Anandpur. It is also the birth place of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Udhyagiri Caves

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Centre for Science and Environment (CSE)

Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is a public interest research and advocacy organization based in New Delhi. The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has been ranked the top environment policy think tanks in India and 16th at the global level. The rank was given by The Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) of the Lauder Institute at the University of Pennsylvania. CSE publishes the fortnightly Magazine ‘Down to Eart

World ocean day

World ocean day In 2008, the United Nations General Assembly decided to designate 8 June as World Oceans Day. Many countries have celebrated World Oceans Day following the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, which was held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The theme of World Oceans Day 2020 is “Innovation for a sustainable ocean” In his message on World Ocean Day, Minister for Environment and Forest Prakash Javadekar said, land divides you and Ocean unites yo

Mission SAGAR

KESARI reaches port Victoria in Seychelles As part of Mission Sagar, Indian Naval Ship Kesari reached Port Victoria in Seychelles today for handing over COVID related essential medicines. Under Mission Sagar, Indian government is providing assistance to friendly foreign countries in dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic. Mission SAGAR, resonates Prime Minister Narendra Modi's vision of Security and Growth for All in the region. The operation is being progressed in close coordination with

Global Terrorism Index

Global Terrorism Index The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) is a report published annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP). Two third of the countries experienced a terrorist attack in 2016. India is one among the ten most impacted countries by terrorism. Five countries account for three quarters of all deaths from terrorism: Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Nigeria and Pakistan. The major reason for terrorism in most impacted countries is internal conflict.

Task force on artificial intelligence

Task force on artificial intelligence The Department of Defence Production constituted a task force headed by Tata Sons Chairman N Chandrasekaran to study use of artificial intelligence. It has potential to provide military superiority apart from driving technology-driven economic growth. Similarly, in 2017, the then Commerce and Industry minister constituted the ‘Task force on AI for India’s Economic Transformation’ chaired by V. Kamakoti of IIT Madras. Note: htt

National River Conservation Plan

National River Conservation Plan Under the National River Conservation Plan the river Sal project in Goa was sanctioned by the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change. The aim of the plan is to prevent pollution of rivers and improving water quality. The activities under National River Conservation Plan include following Sewage treatment plants for treating the diverted sewage. Low cost sanitation works to prevent the open defecation on riverbanks. Public awareness a

Sheen Khalai (Blue Skin)

Sheen Khalai (Blue Skin) It is an Afghan community in India who fled with their families from the tribal areas between Afghanistan and Pakistan during the Partition in 1947. The women are part of a community of Pushtun Hindus that lived in the Baloch areas and belong to the Kakari tribes still living in afghan. Pushtunsare an Iranic ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan. They speak the Pashto language and adhere to Pashtunwali, which is a traditional set of eth

CriSidEx

CriSidEx India’s first sentiment index for micro and small enterprises ( MSEs) developed jointly by CRISIL & SIDBI here today. CriSidEx is a composite indexmeasures MSE business sentiment. Its readings will flag potential headwinds and changes in production cycles and thus help improve market efficiencies.

Rabi Crops Sowing

Rabi Crops Sowing The area under the sowing reached 324 lakh hectares. The word ‘rabi’ in Arabic means winter. Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June. Some of the important rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard. Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh are important for the production of  rabi crops. Western temperate cyclones during winter provides the

FSSAI for Nutritional and Safe Food

FSSAI for Nutritional and Safe Food Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has developed science-based standards for various categories of food products to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food in the country. FSSAI has introduced +F Logo for fortified foods. To promote awareness among consumers on Nutrition, mandatory labelling requirements for pre-packaged foods, is prescribed. FSSAI has also undertaken ‘Safe and Nutritious Food (SNF)&r

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI)

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) IWAI signed an project agreement with the world bank for the Jal Marg Vikas on Ganga (NW1). The IWAIcame into existence for development and regulation of inland waterways for shipping and navigation. Functions of IWAI with respect to National Waterways Survey Navigation, Infrastructure and Regulations Fairway Development Pilotage Coordination of IWT with other modes Read also: https://www.aspireias.com/daily-news-

World Wetlands Day

World Wetlands Day Feburary 2nd of every year is celebrated as world wetlands day, marking the adoption of Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. The MoEF&CC in collaboration with Department of Forests, Assam government is organizing the national-level celebration of World Wetlands Day (WWD) at DeeporBeel, a Ramsar Site in Guwahati,Assam. The theme ‘Wetlands for a sustainable urban future’ marks the role of healthy wetlands play in making cities and towns liveable. Ramsar

Shigmo Festival

Shigmo Festival Shigmo is the traditional spring festival celebrated by farmers in rural Goa. It is an annual float parade held in major cities of the state. The Goan folk art such as GhodeModni, Goff, and Fugdi are performed. It was traditionally celebrated as the homecoming of the warriors who had left their homes and families at the end of Dusshera to fight invaders.

Paleolithic sites

Paleolithic sites The study of over 7,200 stone artefacts collected from the archaeological site at Attirampakkam in the Kortallayar river basin (Tamilnadu) throws light over the transition period from lower to middle Paleolithic period The Paleolithic/Old stone age period extends from 2.6 million years ago to 10000 BC. The period is divided into Lower, Middle and Upper phases

Medaram Jatara

Medaram Jatara Medaram Jatara is a festival of tribal origin in Telangana. It is a festival of honouring the goddesses Sarakka celebrated in the state of Telangana. The festival is held every two years at in Medaram Village in the heart of the thick forests of Jayashankar Bhupalpally district. The festival honors tribal folk goddess Sammakka and Saralamma. It has become a major pilgrimage in the recent decade and is believed to attract the largest number of devotees in the country after

Indus script

Indus script Scientists at The Institute of Mathematical Sciences have figured out a way to computationally estimate whether a language is written from left to right or otherwise. As a part of the study, the found that the Indus script was written from right to left. However in some long seals the Boustrophedon method of writing was adopted. Boustrophedon writing is the way of writing in the reverse direction in alternate line.

Res extra commercium

Res extra commercium It is Latin phrase meaning ‘outside commerce’. The doctrine dates back to the Roman period. If applied, the doctrine gives authorities more leeway to impose restrictions. e.g The Supreme Court’s application of the doctrine to alcohol in the 1970s paved the way for at least two Indian states to ban it completely and allowed courts to take a stricter stance while regulating liquor. The Indian government is now pushing the Supreme Court to use this doctr

Super Blood Blue Moon

Super Blood Blue Moon “Super Blood Blue Moon” is a rare cosmic event that combines an extra big Super moon, a Blue moon and a total lunar eclipse. Super moon – It occur when the full moon coincides with the Moon’s closest orbit point (perigee) to Earth. During a super moon, the moon appears 14% larger and 30% brighter. The farthest distance between the moon and the Earth is termed ‘apogee’, while the perigee is the nearest point. Lunar Eclipse&n

Meghadootam

Meghadootam Meghadootam (meaning cloud messenger) is a lyric love poem composed by Kalidasa about the 5th century AD. The poem recounts the expression of love by Yaksha to his wife at Alaka,Mt. Kailash through the cloud as a messenger. Most of the poem consists of a description of the landmarks, cities, and sights on the cloud’s journey to Alaka. Chhattisgarh state artistes performing dance based on Meghadootam in Republic day won prize in best tableau category. Kalidasa Kalida

VINBAX

VINBAX VINBAX is the military exercise between armies of India and Vietnam. It is the first ever such exercise boosting defence ties between the two countries. It is going to be held in Jabalpur in Madhya Pradesh. The joint exercise has been especially designed to enable and train officers from Vietnam in United Nations Peace Keeping Operations. India – Vietnam relations India and Vietnam had signed a protocol on defence cooperation in 1994. The partnership was thereafter

Udangudi Power Project

Udangudi Power Project Coal-based supercritical Udangudi thermal power project is set to come up in Thoothukudi district of southern Tamil Nadu. BHEL and the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB) had signed a MoU to develop this power project in 2007. The estimated Rs.100-billion project is to be funded by Rural Electrification Corporation (REC).

Asia’s largest drip irrigation project

Asia’s largest drip irrigation project Ramthal Marola project in Karnataka is the Asia’s largest drip irrigation project implemented with the help of technology from Israel firm. As a part of this drip irrigation scheme, every farmer will receive water through a cylinder installed in their respective farmlands. It also enables them to mix fertilisers and pesticides in the cylinder. The technology used in this project will also purify the wastage that flows in the backwaters of

Mihir

Mihir Mihir (meaning ‘Sun’), a High Performance Computer (HPC) System has been installed at the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF). This HPC facility will be India’s largest HPC facility in terms of peak capacity and performance. The new HPC facility is expected to improve the following services: Weather forecasts for predicting extreme weather events. High resolution seasonal/extended range forecasts of active/break spells of Monsoon.

Nilgiri Marten

Nilgiri Marten It is a vulnerable and little known carnivorous animal which is endemic to the Western Ghats. Nilgiri Marten looks like a civet or a mongoose and it most prefers higher altitudes. The present global population of the Nilgiri Marten is estimated below 1000. The animal is placed in schedule 2 of the part 2 of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972. Recent studies shows that Nilgiri marten is thriving in the Pampadum Shola National Park located on the southern portion of Wes

Zero budget natural farming project

Zero budget natural farming project To promote organic farming Himachal Pradesh has launched Zero Budget Natural Farming project. Zero budget farming is a natural farming technique that uses biological pesticides instead of chemical-based fertilizers. In this method the cost of growing and harvesting plants is zero, which makes it highly beneficial for farmers.

Prevention of Atrocities acts

Prevention of Atrocities acts Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 is an act of parliament. It falls within the provisions of Article 17 of the constitution, enacted for preventing atrocities against members of SC/ST It also provide special courts for the trial of such offences as well as relief and rehabilitation of the victims of atrocities.  The PoA Act extends to the whole of India except Jammu & Kashmir, and responsibility for its imp

Guru Ravidas

Guru Ravidas Guru Ravidas was a North Indian mystic poet saint of the bhakti movement believed to be born in Varanasi. He taught removal of social divisions of caste and gender, and promoted unity in the pursuit of personal spiritual freedoms. He founded 21st-century Ravidassia religion, by a group who previously were associated with Sikhism. He is devoted as guru in the regions of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Maharashtra.

GAVI

GAVI Context Prime Minister Addresses the virtual Global Vaccine Summit 2020. India has today pledged 15 Million US Dollars to Gavi, the international vaccine alliance. GAVI(Global Vaccine Summit) The virtual Global Vaccine Summit hosted by UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson in which over 50 ?countries - business leaders, UN agencies, civil society, government ministers, Heads of State and country leaders participated. India’s civilization teaches to see the world as one fami

MARPOL Treaty

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL Treaty) MARPOL is one of the most significant international marine environmental conventions. The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) is the main international convention covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes. The MARPOL Convention was adopted on 2 November 1973 at IMO. The Protocol of 1978 was adopted i

World Environment Day

World Environment Day World Environment Day is celebrated on June 5 every year to spread awareness, encourage people to take steps to protect the environment across more than 150 countries. This year, due to the coronavirus pandemic, this day will be celebrated via its first-ever online campaign. Even though the day might be subtle in exposure as compared to previous years, digital celebrations will not lessen its significance. World Environment Day 2020 theme The theme for E

The Urban Learning Internship Program (TULIP)

The Urban Learning Internship Program (TULIP) Ministry of Human Resource Development, Ministry of  Housing & Urban Affairs, and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) have jointly launched an online portal for `The Urban Learning Internship Program (TULIP)’ - A program for providing internship opportunities to fresh graduates in all Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and Smart Cities across the country. About The Urban Learning Internship Program (TULIP) TULIP

Salome Zourabichvili

Salome Zourabichvili Salome Zourabichvili is  the President of Georgia

Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port

Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Kolkata Port is renamed as Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port. The Board of Trustees of Kolkata Port Trust in its Meeting held on 25th February, 2020 has also passed a Resolution to re-name Kolkata Port as Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port. Background: The Kolkata Port is the first Major Port as well as the only riverine port of the country. It came to be governed by a Trust on 17th October, 1870 on appointment of the Commissioners for Improvement of the Port

SWADES (Skilled Workers Arrival Database for Employment Support)

SWADES (Skilled Workers Arrival Database for Employment Support) With the aim of making the best of our skilled workforce returning to the country due to the ongoing pandemic, the Government of India has launched a new initiative SWADES (Skilled Workers Arrival Database for Employment Support) to conduct a skill mapping exercise of the returning citizens under the Vande Bharat Mission. This is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, the Ministry o

Expansion of Ameri Ice Shelf (AIS)

Expansion of Ameri Ice Shelf (AIS) The National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) predicts that there would be a 24% increase in the expansion of Ameri Ice Shelf (AIS) boundaries by 2021 and another 24% expansion by 2026 from its 2016 positions. The floating sheets of ice called the ice shelves play a multi-faceted role in maintaining the stability of a glacier. Ice shelves connect a glacier to the landmass. The ice sheet mass balance, sea stratification, and bottom water

CHAMPIONS portal

  CHAMPIONS portal Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi today launched the technology platform CHAMPIONS which stands for Creation and Harmonious Application of Modern Processes for Increasing the Output and National Strength. As the name suggests,the portal is basically for making the smaller units big by solving their grievances, encouraging, supporting, helping and handholding. It is a real one-stop-shop solution of MSME Ministry. This ICT based system is set up to help the M

Ultra Swachh

Ultra Swachh Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed a disinfection unit named Ultra Swachh to disinfect a wide range of materials, including Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs), electronics items, fabrics, etc. Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences (INMAS), the Delhi based laboratory of DRDO has developed this product with industry partner M/s Gel Craft Healthcare Private Ltd, Ghaziabad. The system uses an advanced oxidative process comprising

Section 153 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951

Section 153 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 Election Commission of India announced elections to the Council of States to fill 55 seats of Members from 17 States, retiring in the month of April,2020. Section 153 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 specifies that the Election Commission for reasons which it considers sufficient, may extend the time for the completion of any election by making necessary amendments in the notification issued by it under section 30 or

Pradhan Mantri Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi Scheme

Pradhan Mantri Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi Scheme The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs launched a micro-credit scheme for street vendors, which was announced by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on May 14 as a part of the economic package for those affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown. The Pradhan Mantri Street Vendor’s AtmaNirbhar Nidhi Scheme is aimed at benefiting over 50 lakh vendors who had their businesses operational on or before March 24. The

Avifavir

Avifavir Russia will start giving its first drug approved to treat COVID-19 to patients next week, its state financial backer said, a move it hopes will ease strains on the health system. Russian hospitals can begin giving the antiviral drug, which is registered under the name Avifavir, to patients from June 11. Avifavir, known generically as favipiravir, was first developed in the late 1990s by a Japanese company later bought by Fujifilm as it moved into healthcare. RDIF head Kirill

Social stock exchange (SSE)

Social stock exchange (SSE) A working group constituted by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) on social stock exchanges has recommended allowing non-profit organisations to directly list on such platforms while allowing certain tax incentives to encourage participation on the platform. The idea of a social stock exchange (SSE) for listing of social enterprise and voluntary organisations was mooted by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman while presenting the Union Budget 201

Operation Vijay

Operation Vijay Operation Vijay may refer to: Operation Vijay (1961), the operation by the Military of India that led to the capture of Goa, Daman and Diu and Anjediva Islands Operation Vijay (1999), the Indian operation to push back infiltrators in the Kargil War

Operation Parakram

Operation Parakram Operation Parakram, launched in the wake of the December 13, 2001 terrorist attack on Parliament, was the first full-scale mobilisation since the 1971 Indo-Pak war. It began on December 15, 2001 after the Cabinet Committee on Security's (CCS) decision and was completed on January 3, 2002.

Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM)

Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM) Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM) is a military award of India. It was constituted in 1960 and since then till date, it is awarded in recognition to peace-time service of the most exceptional order and may be awarded posthumously. All ranks of the Indian Armed Forces including Territorial Army, Auxiliary and Reserve Forces, Nursing officers and other members of the Nursing services and other lawfully constituted Armed Forces are eligible for the award.

Current World locations

Current World locations Salalah (Oman) Al-Ghaydah (Yemen).    

Stree Swabhiman

Stree Swabhiman Stree Swabhiman is an initiative under Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology for women’s health and hygiene. It aims to create a sustainable model for providing adolescent girls and women an access to affordable sanitary products by leveraging Common Service Centres (CSCs) established under digital India. The initiative is driven by awareness and personalised outreach by women entrepreneurs who produce and market sanitary napkins themselves.

ITEWS

ITEWS Indian Tsunami Early Warning System (ITEWS) is established by Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), under ministry of earth sciences. The ITEWS comprises a real-time network of seismic stations, tsunami buoys and tide gauges to detect tsunami genic earthquakes and to monitor tsunamis. It detects globally occurring earthquakes of 5 magnitude and above within 5-10 minutes of the event. The system is capable of displaying ticket messages related to tsunami even

Project Sunrise

Project Sunrise Project Sunrise was launched in 2015, by union government to tackle the increasing HIV prevalence in the North-Eastern states. It aims to provide treatment and care facilities free of cost for people living with HIV/AIDS and create more awareness about the disease in these N-E states. The project is a five-year programme (2015-2020) aimed at complementing the ongoing National AIDS Control Programme (NACP). The project has been sponsored by US based Centre for Disease Contro

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